Self-Preservation Behavior: Generational Aspect
Автор: Popova L.А., Milaeva Т.V., Zorina Е.N.
Статья в выпуске: 5 т.14, 2021 года.
The purpose of the research is to identify features of self-preservation behavior in different actual generations of Russians to assess the vector of their transformation and the prospects for life expectancy dynamics. The relevance of the topic is determined by the significant lag between Russia and developed countries in terms of life expectancy, largely due to behavioral factors. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that we can adapt the Strauss-Howe generational theory to study generational characteristics of population behavior related to health. By the results of a sociological survey, we have verified the hypotheses about the nature of self-preservation behavior models of five ten-year-old actual cohorts of the population and the combined generation born before 1955 inclusive. Regarding the ratio of self-preservation behavior models of the two oldest cohorts, the paper does not confirm the formulated hypothesis, which may be due to the positive transformation of health-preservation behavior models as people became older, due to changes in health status, as well as in the population of the older cohorts due to high premature mortality in groups with the most unfavorable lifestyle. Regarding four young actual generations, the study has confirmed the hypotheses showing that favorable socio-economic and demographic conditions, anti-alcohol and anti-smoking measures of the 2000s and promotion of an active healthy lifestyle in general have a positive effect in terms of influencing the nature of self-preservation behavior of young cohorts, which indicates the possibility of influencing behavioral health factors at the stage of its formation. The positive vector of transformation of generational patterns of self-preserving behavior, especially clearly manifested in men, allows us to hope for the restoration and prolongation of the growing dynamics of the life expectancy of Russians with the probability of achieving targets in the future, provided that favorable behavioral patterns in the field of health conservation are consolidated.
Life expectancy, behavioral health factors, healthy lifestyle, self-preservation behavior, selfdestructive behavior, generational theory, actual generation
Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/147234819
IDR: 147234819 | DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.5.77.15
Список литературы Self-Preservation Behavior: Generational Aspect
- Vangorodskaya S.A. The factors of self-preservation behavior of the population in the region (based on empirical studies). Nauchnyi rezul’tat. Sotsiologiya i upravlenie=Research Result. Sociology and Management, 2018, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 13–26. DOI: 10.18413/2408-9338-2018-4-2-0-2 (in Russian).
- Vangorodskaya S.A. Health behavior: The problem of the notion in sociology. Srednerusskii vestnik obshchestvennykh nauk=Central Russian Journal of Social Sciences, 2017. vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 20–29. DOI: 10.22394/2071-2367-2017-12-4-20-29 (in Russian).
- Shushunova T.N. Samosokhranitel’noe povedenie studencheskoi molodezhi: sotsiologicheskii analiz (na primere minskikh vuzov) [Self-Preservation Behavior of Students: Sociological Analysis (the Case of Minsk Universities)]. Minsk: Pravo i ekonomika, 2010. 114 p.
- Glanz K., Rimer B., Viswanath K. Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008. 552 p.
- Kasl S.V., Cobb S. Health behavior, illness behavior, and sick-role behavior. I–II. Archives of Environmental Health, 1966, no. 12, pp. 246–266, 531–541.
- Walker S.N., Schrist K.R., Pender N.J. The health-promoting lifestyle profile: Development and psychometric characteristics. Nursing Research, 1987, no. 36, pp. 76–81.
- Walker S.N., Hill-Polerecky D.M. Psychometric evaluation of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. In: Unpublished manuscript. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Medical Center, 1996. P. 120–126.
- Lane J., Gover A.R., Dahod S. Fear of violent crime among men and women on campus: The impact of perceived risk and fear of sexual assault. Violence and Victims, 2009, vol. 24, pp. 172–192.
- Orchowski L.M., Untied A.S., Gidycz C.A. Reducing risk for sexual victimization: An analysis of the perceived socioemotional consequences of self protective behaviors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2012, vol. 27, pp. 1743–1761.
- Wilcox P., Jordan C.E., Pritchard A.J. A multidimensional examination of campus safety: Victimization, perceptions of danger, worry about crime, and precautionary behavior among college women in the post-Clery era. Crime & Delinquency, 2007, vol. 53, pp. 219–254.
- David M. DeJoy. Theoretical models of health behavior and workplace self-protective behavior. Journal of Safety Research, 1996, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 61–72.
- Lisitsyn Yu.P., Izutkin A.M., Matyushkin I.F. Meditsina i gumanizm [Medicine and Humanism]. Moscow: Meditsina, 1984. 278 p.
- Yakovleva N.V. Health-human behavior: Socio-psychological discourse. Lichnost’ v menyayushchemsya mire: zdorov’e, adaptatsiya, razvitie=Personality in a Changing World: Health, Adaptation, Development, 2013, no. 3, pp. 70–79 (in Russian).
- Kornienko D.S. Sensation seeking and self-protecting behavior. Vestnik PGGPU. Seriya 1. Psikhologicheskie i pedagogicheskie nauki=Bulletin of the Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University. Series 1. Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences, 2014, pp. 5–16 (in Russian).
- Shklyaruk V.Ya. Health in a system of works self-preservation behavior. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta= Izvestiya of Saratov University, 2008, vol. 8, issue 2, pp. 44–47 (in Russian).
- Yugova E.A. Formation of a health-saving behavior model among students of higher educational institutions. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Seriya 12: Psikhologiya. Sotsiologiya. Pedagogika=Vestnik of St. Petersburg University. Psychology. Sociology. Pedagogy, 2012, no. 2, pp. 29–34 (in Russian).
- Shabunova A.A., Shukhatovich V.R., Korchagina P.S. Health saving activity as a health promoting factor: The gender aspect. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz=Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2013, no. 3 (27), pp. 123–132 (in Russian).
- Rasskazova E.I., Ivanova T.Yu. Motivational models of health behavior: The problem of the “gap” between intention and action. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki=Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2015, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 105–130 (in Russian).
- Petrash M.D., Murtazina I.R. The definition “healthy lifestyle” in psychological research. Vestnik Sankt- Peterburgskogo universiteta. Psikhologiya i pedagogika=Vestnik of St. Petersburg University. Psychology and Education, 2018, vol. 8, issue 2, pp. 152–165 (in Russian).
- Shapovalova I.S. et al. The self-preserving behavior of Russian population: Dispositions and risks. Problemy sotsial’noi gigieny, zdravookhraneniya i istorii meditsiny=The Problem of Social Hygiene, Public Health and History of Medicine, 2020, no. 28 (1), pp. 44–51. DOI: 10.32687/0869-866X-2020-28-1-44-51 (in Russian).
- Kalachikova O.N., Korchagina P.S. The main trends of self-preservation behavior of the population of the region. Problemy razvitiya territorii=Problems of Territory’s Development, 2012, no. 5 (61), pp. 72–82 (in Russian).
- Korchagina P.S., Kalachikova O.N. Self-preservation behavior as a factor in the formation of public health. Voprosy territorial’nogo razvitiya=Territorial Development Issue, 2013, no. 2 (2) (in Russian).
- Gruzdeva M.A., Kalachikova O.N. Features of self-preservation behavior of rural population. Sinergiya=Synergy, 2018, no. 4, pp. 64–71 (in Russian).
- Rostovskaya T.K., Shabunova A.A., Knyaz’kova E.A. The self-preservation behavior of citizens of the Russian Federation: Health assessment and possibilities of longevity. Problemy sotsial’noi gigieny, zdravookhraneniya i istorii meditsiny=The Problem of Social Hygiene, Public Health and History of Medicine, 2020, no. 28 (6), pp. 1275–1280. DOI: 10.32687/0869-866X-2020-28-6-1275-1280 (in Russian).
- Shabunova A.A. Population’s health and self-preservation behavior within the context of COVID-19. Sotsial’noe prostranstvo=Social Area, 2020, vol. 6, no. 3. DOI: 10.15838/sa.2020.3.25.1 (in Russian).
- Shukhatovich V. R. Professional identity as factor in young people’s health: Search for new indicators of healthy lifestyle and “Growth points” of human potential. In: Comparative study of young people’s health in Russia, Belarus and Poland. Lublin, 2017. P. 65–74.
- Zhuravleva I.V. Adolescents’ health behavior and sexually transmitted diseases. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya=Sociological Studies, 2000, no. 5, pp. 66–74 (in Russian).
- Ivakhnenko G.I. Health of Moscow students: Analysis of self-preservation behavior. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya=Sociological Studies, 2006, no. 7, pp. 78–81 (in Russian).
- Alimpieva A.V. Self-preservation behavior of children and youth: Diagnostic results. Vestnik Baltiiskogo federal’nogo universiteta im. I. Kanta=Bulletin of Immanuil Kant Baltic Federal University, 2011, issue 4, pp. 76– 83 (in Russian).
- Shimanovskaya Ya.V. Self-preservation behavior of Moscow residents during the COVID-19 pandemic. Voprosy upravleniya=Management Issues, 2020, no. 5, pp. 29–35 (in Russian).
- Howe N., Strauss W. Generations: The History of America’s Future, 1584 to 2069. New York: William Morrow and Co, 1991. 538 p.
- Strauss W., Howe N. The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy – What the Cycles of History Tell Us about America’s Next Rendezvous with Destiny. New York: Broadway Books, 1997. 461 p.
- Gurova I.M., Evdokimova S.Sh. Theory of generations as a tool for analysis, formation and development of labor potential. MIR (Modernizatsiya. Innovatsii. Razvitie)=MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), 2016, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 150–159. DOI: 10.18184/2079-4665.2016.7.3.150.159 (in Russian).