Статьи журнала - Juvenis scientia

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Macro-rhythmic analysis of R. M. Rilke’s prose (based on “the notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge”)

Macro-rhythmic analysis of R. M. Rilke’s prose (based on “the notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge”)

Sherstneva E.S.

Статья научная

The article provides survey of such problematic phenomenon as literary prose rhythm and its basic difference from cognominal notion in poetry. One of the structural aspects of prose organization in R. M. Rilke’s novel “The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge” is studied. This aspect is specifics of prose rhythm organization on macro-level. General objective laws for rhythmic organization are revealed. The author draws a conclusion that architectonics of the text is specified by the character of narration, rhythm of inner monologue ideas of the protagonist; switching from external reality description to interior feelings and emotions experienced by Malte and transition to author’s reminiscences.

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Meat products for baby nutrition enriched with natural mineral and vitamin supplements

Meat products for baby nutrition enriched with natural mineral and vitamin supplements

Karchava M.S., Berulava I.O., Kintsurashvili N.J., Ergemlidze T.D.

Статья научная

The article discusses the possibility of correction of preschool and school age nutrition status with the usage of local (Georgian) vegetable and mineral resources. The techniques of kids sausages and semi-processed minced meat productswith the usage of natural mineral and vitamin supplements of high bioavailability. As the mineral supplements the Lyophilic Concentrate of Georgian mineral water "Lugella" (CaCl2 10% Concentrate) are used for on the base of wheat bran, and as the vitamin supplement - the lyophilic concentrate of sweetbrier fruit extract, taken from the high mountainous regions, on the basis of starch. Chemical composition of food supplements has been established. Theoretical reasoning of the new technology of vitamin C is given. It is noted that the first time in the fruit of the sweetbrier and the filling of biologically active substances and its complement is to increase the value of vitamin C. It is shown that the vitamin supplement obtained by the proposed technology is characterized by 2,4 times higher containing of vitamin C, compared to the dry flour of the fruit. The influence of sodium nitride reduction in microbiological safety of children's sausages is also studied.

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On xenophobia in science fiction

On xenophobia in science fiction

Kuzeev S.E.

Статья научная

The article deals with how the notion of xenophobia is re-iterated in contemporary science fiction. First, the author provides a brief analysis of xenophobia as a cognitive phenomenon that is, on the one hand, built into the mass culture as an archetypal attitude and, on the other hand, symbolically disguised following the two prototypic scenarios-those of alienation and of appropriation. One of the central arguments of the article is that the quintessential sci-fi “alien” is based on the reinvented image of a Jew in the Western culture, while the narrative of “androids” draws on the historical and emotional experience of black slavery.

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Pattern recognition in the vision system

Pattern recognition in the vision system

Pelevin E.E., Balyasny S.V.

Статья научная

The article touches upon the issue of the edge detection of digital images in robotics and in other fields. Algorithms of the edge detection of the most often met images in static pictures are viewed as the target of research. In this paper, HOG-based characteristics are used to search for images of a human figure. When searching for faces in images, the most popular algorithm called Viola-Jones is used. To identify fingerprints, a correlation comparison and a special point comparison is used. It should be also noted that today the algorithms under discussion are used very often. The review of these algorithms has showed that they are sufficiently effective. The conclusions were drawn on the basis of the obtained results, and the branches of application of these algorithms, which are supported by the examples of processing various images, have been indicated.

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Peculiarities of customs logistics in the case of transportation in the limited space and time

Peculiarities of customs logistics in the case of transportation in the limited space and time

Kochadze T.P., Mamuladze R.M., Sharabidze D.G., Gudadze A.P.

Статья научная

In modern conditions, transport processes encompass not only the movement of goods from suppliers to consumers, but also a large amount of forwarding, information, customs and transactional processing operations on insurance, storage of transported goods. Transport process faces special difficulties, if it is restricted by the scope of border and customs procedures of several countries in the limited space and time. Implementation of modern principles of customs logistics in the practice of customs clearance of transport and goods in the limited space and time will allow us for improving significantly the organizational and economic sustainability of transport processes. The paper examines the trends in the use of customs logistics to simplify customs clearance of vehicles and goods in the case of transportation in the limited space and time.

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Problems and ways of development of the collective security treaty organization within the framework of emerging of modern threats of international security

Problems and ways of development of the collective security treaty organization within the framework of emerging of modern threats of international security

Mozolev K.I.

Статья научная

The article discusses the main obstacles to the development of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) in the framework of increasing geopolitical instability. The main research tool is a comparative analysis of the CSTO with individual structures of the NATO, as well as an analysis of the potential capabilities and the actual state (effectiveness) of the CSTO. It was concluded that there are a number of problems, both political and organizational, that affect the effectiveness of regional security. The author proposed ways to solve the problems under consideration, divided into three groups: «Security at state borders», «Strategical communication and the image», and «International interaction».

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Professional training of future specialists of EMERCOM: the communicative aspect

Professional training of future specialists of EMERCOM: the communicative aspect

Pasechkina T.N.

Статья научная

The article includes the analysis of scientific and educational literature, as well as regulatory documents relating to the communicative component of EMERCOM future specialists professional training. Emphasis is placed on the formation of communicative self-efficacy of students as one of the components of their successful communicative competence mastery. Attention is drawn to the need for interaction of all the teaching staff and officers and the organization of purposeful and systematic work on the subject under study.

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Public administration of the quality of higher education in the context of the norms of international quality standards: principle of orientation towards the customer

Public administration of the quality of higher education in the context of the norms of international quality standards: principle of orientation towards the customer

Moroz S.A.

Статья научная

The publication proves the possibility of using one of the principles of the international quality standard, namely the principle of customer orientation in the system of public administration of the quality of higher education. The article contains suggestions on how to improve the mechanism for the formation of the National Agency for Higher Education Quality Assurance by increasing the level of representation of those subjects which, by their status, can be attributed to customers of educational services in the field of higher education.

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Quantile metrics of risk assessment

Quantile metrics of risk assessment

Vidmant O.S.

Статья научная

Recently risk management has become an integral part of any company. It allows not only to reduce the uncertainty level of any business but also to expand the measures themselves due to the adaptation to various market factors. The author focuses on one of the most popular and recognized methods for risk prediction, VaR, and the distinctive features of its structure. The main characteristics of the reduced model are analyzed by discriminating the strengths and weaknesses.

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Russian oil and gas (O&G) industry: modern challenges and innovational development

Russian oil and gas (O&G) industry: modern challenges and innovational development

Bakhareva I.V.

Статья научная

The paper researches the competitiveness of the Russian oil and gas industry in the face of upcoming global innovational changes. The analysis includes the evaluation of the macroeconomic and innovational environment in which the industry operates, the summarization of several predominant research and development trends in the industry as well as the peculiarities of research and development activity in the Russian oil and gas industry. The findings show that the Russian oil and gas industry underinvests in the development of own technology and innovation and heavily depends on foreign imports in several key areas of its operation.

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Russian post-soviet identity of southern Siberia inhabitants

Russian post-soviet identity of southern Siberia inhabitants

Aksyutin Yu. M.

Статья научная

In article axiological consideration and the analysis of a phenomenon of cultural value from a world and theoretical and methodological outlook of semantics, semantic approach is performed. Semantics is treated as philosophical understanding of the world, but not just structural section of semiotics. Value is by the main category of human being integrating and sublimating all its authentic - manifestations, corresponding to sense. Cultural value is of it by a practical objectivization on which creative basis the anthropogenous world of culture as the world of originally human being is constituted. It is noted that in the conditions of globalization cultural values define world development, its prospects also gain fatal character.

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SMM как основа продвижения автогоночных команд в сети интернет

SMM как основа продвижения автогоночных команд в сети интернет

Кулинченко М.И.

Статья научная

В рамках исследования изучено использование социальных сетей спортивными командами, которые принимают участие в автомобильных соревнованиях. Выделены особенности использования данного инструмента интернет-маркетинга в автомобильном спорте и доказана его ключевая роль. Предложены изменения в маркетинговой стратегии продвижения команд сферы автомобильного спорта в сети Интернет.

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Some Arabic phonemes as the problematic ones for English - speaking learners of Arabic: the reasons and the possible solutions

Some Arabic phonemes as the problematic ones for English - speaking learners of Arabic: the reasons and the possible solutions

Swanson M.L.

Статья научная

The current paper touches up the reasons of difficulties that the English-speaking Learners of Arabic face in the pronunciation of some phonemes. The author explains this phenomenon through the description of the mechanism of formation of similar sounds in Arabic and English and the problematic sounds for English-speaking Learners. She also gives a brief comparative analysis of Arabic and English phonemes that are mistakenly perceived by students as identical. This paper also analyzes the challenges of English-speaking Learners related to the pronunciation of Arabic phonemes that are absent in English. In addition to the theoretical part, the article contains practical recommendations aimed at solving the difficulties associated with the setting up the correct pronunciation of this category of students. In addition to the exercises targeted at setting up the correct pronunciation, the author provides the lesson plan, containing various activities for resolving this issueThis work also briefly highlights issues related to the uneasy situation in the field of teaching pronunciation as one of the aspects of learning Arabic in the United States.

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Some aspects of development of SCO (shanghai cooperation organization) at the present stage

Some aspects of development of SCO (shanghai cooperation organization) at the present stage

Kurpayanidi K.I., Urmonov A.A.

Статья научная

The article analysed the activities of the international Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). It is targeted on the studying of main objectives and principles of the international organization. The main attention is paid to the results of the Tashkent SCO Summit (2016), with the constituent element the "Shanghai spirit". Based on the above, the authors suggest some directions and prospects for the activating of the SCO among member countries' in the immediate future and of this international organization.

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The ideological legacy of Pyotr Kropotkin in the context of modern-day regionalism

The ideological legacy of Pyotr Kropotkin in the context of modern-day regionalism

Kotsyubinsky D.A.

Статья научная

The article aims to find the constructive conceptual elements in the ideas of the anarchist theorist Peter Kropotkin which are suitable for resolving one of the fundamental contradictions of the modern world - the impossibility of an effective state-legal solution to many of the conflicts between states and their regions. This seemingly dead end conflict lies primarily in the internal contradiction of the original international legal document: the UN Charter. The article analyzes the views of Kropotkin on the problem of confrontation of communal and imperial beginnings throughout human history. Kropotkin’s ideas are noted for their potential productivity in the theoretical analysis and practical resolution of modern territorial conflicts on the basis of reforming international law. The concept of “regional sovereignty” is introduced into the terminological context.

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The problem of outsourcing of accounting services. Organization of centralization of accounting functions of the enterprise

The problem of outsourcing of accounting services. Organization of centralization of accounting functions of the enterprise

Popova D.A.

Статья научная

In this article, two topical issues are considered: outsourcing of accounting services and implementation of centralization of accounting function in the enterprise. The first part covers the problem of outsourcing accounting services in large enterprises. The risks and advantages are highlighted in the transition to outsourcing of accounting services in the organization and the way of implementation. In the second part, the project of centralization of accounting function at the enterprise is considered. The project details the measures to centralize the accounting function. The most problematic places in the implementation are identified, such as the transfer of employees, the organization of receipt of primary documents, as well as the interaction with the Customer. In the conclusion of the second part, both economic and social effects resulting from the implementation of this project are indicated.

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Transformation course of hispanicization as a socio-political phenomenon of the united states of America

Transformation course of hispanicization as a socio-political phenomenon of the united states of America

Barsukova D.A.

Статья научная

The article examines the problem of the Hispanic influence on the process of modification of the domestic socio-political and cultural situation in the United States. The author analyzes the specifics of migration and ethno-cultural components that form an image of the modern US society. Despite the diversity of the Hispanic diaspora, it makes a powerful force that is capable of radical changes in any aspect of public relations with its own instruments of influence in the host society. There also given the estimation of the Hispanicization development prospects as a society transforming factor with an increasing political and electoral potential. Analysis of the Hispanics role and dynamics in the US leads to the conclusion that together with all specificity of this ethnic group, their main objectives are to preserve its identity in terms of diversification of lively cultural environment and to create its own social and political agenda. The practice of studying the Hispanic community in the US is important for understanding the development perspectives of the state, as well as for awareness of key characteristics of international migration.

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Translation practices as an effective teaching instrument for ielts & dalf students in india: a case study

Translation practices as an effective teaching instrument for ielts & dalf students in india: a case study

Verma E.S.

Статья научная

The article outlines the results of using translation as a tool to help students learn English and French in the multicultural environment of Chandigarh, India. An anonymous group of eight students was observed from 2013 until 2015 to reveal the main concepts of the use of translation in helping Indian students to strengthen their language competence. Based on a brief overview of the current linguistic situation in India, these findings serve as a further insight into pedagogical translation nowadays. The case study features semi-structured interviews showing participants’ views on translations tasks in the classroom. In the conclusion, the case study reports the weaknesses of this approach as well as recommendations on how to avoid it.

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Translators’ reception of English epic literature: factors, strategies, competence (on the material of Russian pioneer translations of J. R. R. Tolkien's “The lord of the rings”)

Translators’ reception of English epic literature: factors, strategies, competence (on the material of Russian pioneer translations of J. R. R. Tolkien's “The lord of the rings”)

Sherstneva E.S.

Статья научная

Comparative-contrastive analysis of the original and its multiple translations, including language parameters and extralinguistic factors mediating their character, held within the context of diachronic viewpoint, allows to detect the national language development, evolution of translators’ strategies, degree of literation, Russianization and foreignization of translations, level of translator’s personal and professional competence. Analysis of J. R. R. Tolkien’s “The Lord of the Rings” pioneer-translations has shown that there is co-existence of two types of translation: introductory translations, not aimed at the reconstruction of the whole semantic-stylistic depth of the original, and translations reconstructing literary features of the original making it conformable and akin for the receiving linguistic environment. Second type of translation, adopted for a native Russian speaker, bearer of the Russian culture, prevails in Russian books market by the number of editions.

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Who is responsible to protect environmental refugees under united nations treaties’ policy?

Who is responsible to protect environmental refugees under united nations treaties’ policy?

Cheshyk K., Stolper I.

Статья научная

The total aim of the following study is to reveal the already conducted surveys by using the method of investigation case law not only under International law, but also under domestic level in order to mediate the rights of human ones, who were displaced because of environmental or/ and natural disaster. The first and foremost step should be taken by any country on municipal law rather than on international level alongside with their collaboration by making certain amendments in their regional documents regarding the legal status of environmental refugees. In all of the recent case law and provided data in this work, even when we deliberate appropriate strategy, it will reshape the understanding of international system of human rights and environmental law. We applaud the efforts of those seeking to widen the scope of studies, however, first and foremost should be taken on municipal law.

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