Transitional forms of universal basic income as a real prospect for Russia

Автор: Bobkov Vyacheslav N., Zolotov Aleksandr V., Odintsova Elena V.

Журнал: Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast @volnc-esc-en

Рубрика: Editorial

Статья в выпуске: 4 т.14, 2021 года.

Бесплатный доступ

The article presents the research results aimed at developing the theoretical provisions of the universal basic income concept summarizing and systematizing the results of a survey of Russian experts conducted by the authors about its principles, the possibilities of introduction in Russia, priority population categories for testing it, assessing the reality of expanding the tools of universal basic income taking into account the development of transitional forms of its use during the COVID-19 pandemic. The work reveals the relevance of UBI concept development in the context of the need to overcome mass poverty in Russia. The result of the theoretical analysis shows that generally recognized UBI principles (universality, unconditionality, individual nature of monetary payments, their regularity) are justified by long-term trends in social policy evolution. The prospect of introducing universal basic income is presented as a qualitative transition (leap) in implementation of the latter. The social policy measures, closest to implementation of UBI principles, are characterized as its transitional forms including experiments on its introduction. To assess the practical feasibility of UBI transitional forms, the article uses the results of a survey of experts from different Russian regions conducted with the authors' participation and a pilot experiment and modeling of the results of UBI toolkit implementation. The paper proposes a possible scheme for implementing UBI tools in Russia, as well as pilot projects for low-income families with children, graduates of universities and secondary vocational educational institutions during the transition from study to the first place of work, the unstable employed (including the unemployed). The authors assess the paradox of activating the implementation of UBI principles in the context of the COVID-2019 pandemic under unfavorable financial conditions as confirming the reality of the prospects for its transitional forms for Russia. The results of the study can contribute to the development of discussions about the introduction of UBI tools in the Russian Federation, and to the promotion of its wide experimental testing for different population categories. It is advisable to continue research in the aspect of analyzing the experience of developing social support in the context of a pandemic and modeling the possible effects and costs of introducing UBI.

Еще

Universal basic income, ubi principles, transitional forms of ubi, socio-economic inequality, effects of ubi implementation, pilot projects for ubi implementation

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/147235429

IDR: 147235429   |   DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.4.76.2

Список литературы Transitional forms of universal basic income as a real prospect for Russia

  • Gentilini U., Grosh M., Rigolini J., Yemtsov R. (Eds.) Exploring Universal Basic Income. A Guide to Navigating Concepts, Evidence, and Practices. Washington: The World Bank, 2020. 312 р. DOI: 10.1596/978-1-4648-1458-7
  • Howard M.W. Basic income, liberal neutrality, socialism, and work. Review of Social Economy, 2005, vol. 63, no. 4, рр. 613–631.
  • Ortiz I., Behrendt Ch., Acuña-Ulate A., Nguyen Q.A. Universal Basic Income Proposals in Light of ILO Standards: Key Issues and Global Costing. ESS ─ Working Paper No. 62. Geneva: International Labour Office, 2018. 54 р.
  • Specianova J. Labor supply elasticity in the unconditional basic income system: Data sources and methodological issues. European Scientific Journal, 2018, vol. 14, no. 4, рp. 13–29.
  • Zolotov S.А., Shilov М.L. Basic income: nature and problems of realization. Vestnik NGIEI=Bulletin NGIEI, 2016, no. 9 (64), pp. 7–14 (in Russian).
  • Bobkov V.N., Dolgushkin N.K., Odintsova E.V. Universal basic income: reflections on the possible impact on improving the living standards and quality of life and the sustainability of society. Uroven’ zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii=Living Standards and Quality of Life, 2019, no. 3, pp. 8–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10069 (in Russian).
  • Chernykh Е.А. The current state of research of the content, forms, tools and mechanisms of introducing unconditional basic income. Uroven’ zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii=Living Standards and Quality of Life, 2020, no. 2, pp. 61–75. DOI: 10.19181/lsprr/2020.16.2.6 (in Russian).
  • Kislitsyna О.А. Introduction of the unconditional basic income system: what do Russians think about it? Who is for? Who is against? Vestnik Instituta ekonomiki Rossiiskoi akademii nauk=Bulletin of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2019, no. 3, pp. 32–47. DOI: 10.24411/2073-6487-2019-10030 (in Russian).
  • Andreenkova А.V. A comparative analysis of popular attitudes toward the idea of universal basic income in Russia vs Europe. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya=Sociological Studies, 2020, no. 1, pp. 18–30. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250008321-6 (in Russian).
  • Gontmakher Е. Basic Income: a Prologue to the Social Policy of the 21st Century? Ekonomicheskaya politika=Economic Policy, 2019, no. 2, pp. 156–177. DOI: 10.18288/1994-5124-2019-2-156-177 (in Russian).
  • Kapelyushnikov R.I. Universal’nyi bazovyi dokhod: est’ li u nego budushchee? [Universal Basic Income: Does It Have a Future?]. Moscow: Izd. dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2020. 52 p.
  • Prokhorenko Yu.I., Krasnomovets Z.A. Universal basic income: practice and historical perspective. Uchenye zametki TOGU=Scientists Notes PNU, 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 222–223 (in Russian).
  • Zolotov S.А. Potential influence of unconditional basic income of labor input in Russian economy. Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta=Scientific Notes of the Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University, 2018, no. 2 (60), pp. 107–112 (in Russian).
  • Parijs, P. van, Vanderborght Y. Basic Income: A Radical Proposal for a Free Society and a Sane Economy. Harvard University Press, 2017. ProQuest Ebook Central, 384 p. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ucl/detail.action?docID=4830746 (accessed: April 21, 2021).
  • Gerasimov N.V. Obshchestvennye fondy potrebleniya: neobkhodimost', sushchnost', napravleniya razvitiya [Public Consumption Funds: Necessity, Essence, Development Directions]. Mn: Nauka i tekhnika, 1978. 184 p.
  • Ford M. The Rise of the Robots. Technology and the Threat of Mass Unemployment. London: Oneworld Publications, 2015. 352 p.
  • Skidelsky R., Skidelsky E. How Much is Enough? Money and the Good Life. London: Penguin Books, 2013. 272 p.
  • Standing G. Basic Income: And How We Can Make It Happen. London: Penguin, 2017. 400 p.
  • Kangas O., Jauhiainen S., Simanainen M., Ylikännö M. The basic income experiment 2017-2018 in Finland. Preliminary results. In: Reports and Memorandums of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health 2019:9. Helsinki: Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, 2019. 30 p.
  • Widerquist K. A Critical Analysis of Basic Income Experiments for Researchers, Policymakers, and Citizens. Cham: Palgrave Pivot. 2018. 167 p.
  • Kwong B. A Comparative analysis of the cash handout policy of Hong Kong and Macau. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 2013, no. 42 (3), pp. 87–100.
  • Bobkov V.N., Odintsova E.V. Russian experts on universal basic income: estimates for 2020. Uroven’ zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii=Living Standards of the Population in the Regions of Russia, 2021, no. 1, pp. 67–86. DOI: 10.19181/lsprr.2021.17.1.6 (in Russian).
  • Bobkov V.N., Gulyugina A.A., Odintsova E.V. Methodological approaches to strengthening addressed social supporting indigent families with children. Uroven’ zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii=Living Standards of the Population in the Regions of Russia, 2019, no. 1, pp. 9–19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10049 (in Russian).
  • Bobkov V.N., Antipov V.I., Kolmakov I.B., Pavlova V.V. Transitional forms of universal basic income and options of testing tools in Russia, illustrated by unemployed. Vestnik Rossiiskogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta im. G.V. Plekhanova=Vestnik of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, 2020, vol. 17, no. 5 (113), pp. 69–84. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21686/2413-2829-2020-5-69-84 (in Russian).
  • Toshchenko Zh.T. Prekariat: ot protoklassa k novomu klassu: monografiya [The Precariat: From a Proto-Class to a New Class: Monograph]. Institute of Sociology FCTAS RAS. Moscow: Nauka, 2018. 350 p.
  • Koksharov V.A., Agarkov G.A., Sushchenko A.D. Precarisation of labor as a growing form of employment of young specialists in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Ekonomika regiona=Economy of the Region, 2020, vol. 16, issue 4, pp. 1061–1071. DOI: https://doi. org/10.17059/ekon.reg.2020-4-4 (in Russian).
  • Goliusova Yu.V. Precarious employment of young people as a way to avoid unemployment and unemployment. Informatsionno-analiticheskii byulleten'. INAB. Sotsial'naya adaptatsiya molodezhi na rynke truda=Informational and Analytical Bulletin. INAB. Social Adaptation of Young People in Labor Market, 2019, no. 4, pp. 73–82. DOI: 10.19181/inab.2019.4.6 (in Russian).
  • Lewchuk W., Lafleche M., Dyson D., Goldring L., Meisner A., Procyk S., Rosen D., Shields J., Viducis P., Vrankulj S. It’s more than Poverty. Employment Precarity and Household Well-being. Toronto: PEPSO, McMaster University, United Way Toronto, 2013. 115 р.
  • Lewchuk W., Laflèche M., Procyk S., Cook Ch., Dyson D., Goldring L., Lior K., Meisner A., Shields J., Tambureno A., Viducis P. The precarity penalty: How insecure employment disadvantages workers and their families. Alternate Routes, 2016, vol. 27, рр. 87–108.
  • Baldwin R., Weder di Mauro B. (eds.) Mitigating the COVID Economic Crisis: Act Fast and Do Whatever It Takes. London: CEPR Press, 2020. 219 p. Available at: https://voxeu.org/content/mitigating-covid-economic-crisis-act-fast-and-do-whatever-it-takes (accessed: April 20, 2021).
Еще
Статья научная