Peculiarities of the woody plants re-bloom

Автор: Opalko Olga Anatolievna, Opalko Anatoly Ivanovich

Журнал: Природные системы и ресурсы @ns-jvolsu

Рубрика: Биология и биотехнология

Статья в выпуске: 2 (12), 2015 года.

Бесплатный доступ

The data of literary sources concerning the bloom of angiosperm plants and deviation in the development of a flower and inflorescence, in particular untimely flowering, was generalized; our observation results of some peculiarities of re-bloom of woody plants in the National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" of NAS of Ukraine (NDP "Sofiyivka") were discussed. The flowering process was formed during a long-term evolution of a propagation system of angiosperm plants as a basis of fertilization and further fruit and seed development. As a result of vernalization and photoperiodism reactions, flowering (under regular conditions) occurs in the most favorable period for pollination and fertilization of every plant. However, various deviations, in particular, the untimely (most frequently double, sometimes three- and four-fold) flowering occurs in this perfect process of generative organ formation of angiosperm plants. An increased number of reports about re-bloom (at the end of summer - at the beginning of fall) of the representatives of various woody plant species whose flowers usually blossom in May-June prompts the analysis of the available information concerning the mechanisms of flowering and the causes which lead to deviation of flowering processes. Flowering of the woody plant representatives of the collection fund of the NDP "Sofiyivka" was studied; statistics about re-bloom in different cities of Ukraine were monitored. The classification of re-bloom facts was carried out according to V.L. Vitkovskiy (1984). Although this classification has mostly a stated nature, it was good enough when being formulated and, with certain conditions, it can be applied nowadays. Accordingly, using this classification, abnormal cases can include facts of early summer-fall flowering and early winter flowering. A late spring flowering can be adaptive response of damaged plants to exogenous stresses, due to which the probability of sexual propagation remains. Early spring-early summer flowering is a dual-natured category which, under certain conditions, may have adaptive meaning and facilitate seminal propagation. Most cases of untimely flowering registered in NDP "Sofiyivka" represent a group of early summer-fall flowering, in some cases late spring flowering occurred though. Secondary flowering is usually connected with meteorological peculiarities of the year. Most frequently it is seen in very dry years, first of all, after hot and dry spring. The rebloom can have an adaptive nature in case of development seeds with full germination, moreover the immature germs of underdeveloped seeds formed from the flowers of early summer-fall flowering can be used in breeding programs.

Еще

Dichogamy, fasciation, florigen, heterostyly, hermaphrodite plants, intercalary meristems, protandry, protogyny, sexual polymorphism

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/14967465

IDR: 14967465   |   DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu11.2015.2.2

Список литературы Peculiarities of the woody plants re-bloom

  • Abdzhunusheva T.B. Assessment of the Diversity of Cotoneaster in a Botanical Garden Named After E. Gareeva of National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyz Republic. The Herald of Kyrgyz National Agrarian University, 2011, no. 2 (20), pp. 46-48..
  • Abe M., et al. FD, a bZIP Protein Mediating Signals From the Floral Pathway Integrator FT at the Shoot Apex. Science, 2005, vol. 309, no. 5737, pp. 1052-1056.
  • Bassi D., Monet R. Botany and Taxonomy. Layne D.R., Bassi D., eds. The Peach: Botany, Production and Uses. Wallingford, CABI, 2008, pp. 1-36.
  • Bilokin I.P. Growth and Development of Plants. Kyiv, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1975. 432 p. (in Ukrainian).
  • Buyanov M.F. The Secondary (Autumnal) Flowering and Fruiting of White Mulberry. Botanical Journal, 1956, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 1102-1108..
  • Case A.L., Barrett S.C.H. Environmental Stress and the Evolution of Dioecy: Wurmbea Dioica (Colchicaceae) in Western Australia. Evolutionary Ecology, 2004, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 145-164.
  • Chailakhyan M.Kh. Regulation of Flowering in Higher Plants. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1988. 560 p..
  • Chandler W.H. Fruit Growing. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1925. 794 p.
  • Darwin C.R. The Effects of Cross and Self Fertilization in the Vegetable Kingdom. London, John Murray, 1876. 482 p. Fig. 6. Late spring flowering of Malus×prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh. var. Rinki (Koidz.) Rehd. f. fastigiatabifera (Dieck) Al. Teod. (NDP "Sofiyivka", May 19, 2009) БИОЛОГИЯ И БИОТЕХНОЛОГИЯ ISSN 2306-4153. Вестн. Волгогр. гос. ун-та. Сер. 11, Естеств. науки. 2015. № 2 (12) 19
  • Delph L.F. Sexual Dimorphism in Gender Plasticity and Its Consequences for Breeding System Evolution. Evolution and Development, 2003, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 34-39.
  • Fedorov A.A., ed. Plant Life. In 6 vol. Vol. 5, part 1. Moscow, Prosveshchenie Publ., 1980. 430 p..
  • Galakhov N.N. Secondary Flowering of Plants. Priroda, 1937, no. 1, pp. 25-28..
  • Galushko R.V. On the Secondary Blooming of Woody Plants From Mediterranean Region in the Crimean Southern Coast. Bulletin of the State Nikitsky Botanical Garden, 1980, iss. 1 (41), pp. 19-25..
  • Godin V.N. Sexual Polymorphism as the Factor of Adaptation Pentaphylloides fruticosa (L.) O. Schwarz in the Altai-Sayan Mountain. Dr. biol. sci. diss. Novosibirsk, 2009. 447 p..
  • Golonka A.M., Sakai A.K., Weller S.G. Wind Pollination, Sexual Dimorphism, and Changes in Floral Traits of Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany, 2005, vol. 92, no. 9, pp. 1492-1502.
  • Heide O.M. Interaction of Photoperiod and Temperature in the Control of Growth and Dormancy of Prunus Apecies. Scientia Horticulturae, 2008, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 309-314.
  • Huang T., et al. The mRNA of the Arabidopsis Gene FT Moves From Leaf to Shoot Apex and Induces Flowering. Science, 2005, vol. 309, no. 5741, pp. 1694-1696.
  • Ivashin D.S. On the Re-Growth and Secondary Flowering of Plants in the Burned Areas of the Southern Urals. Botanical Journal, 1958, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 929-935..
  • Kosenko I.S., Opalko A.I. Adaptive Significance of Specific Elements of the Egg Apparatus of the Corylus L. Book of Abstracts of the International Scientific Conference "Plant Cover Evolution in the Natural and Cultigenic Environment" Dedicated to Charlz Darvin Birth 200th Anniversary (Uman, 27-30 October, 2009). Uman, Sofiyivka National Dendrological Park of NAS of Ukraine, 2009, pp. 86-88. (in Ukrainian).
  • Kozhevnikov A.V. The Spring and Autumn in the Plant Life. Moscow, Publishing House of the Moscow Society of Naturalists, 1950. 240 p..
  • Kuznetsova V.M. The Secondary Flowering of Introducents in the State Nikitsky Botanical Gardens. Botanical Journal, 1979, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 72-75..
  • Kuyan V.G. Fruit Growing. Kyiv, Agricultural Science Publ., 1998. 472 p. (in Ukrainian).
  • Lutova L.A. Initiation of Flowering. Genetics of Plant Development. Saint Petersburg, N-L Publ., 2010, sect. 3, chap. 12, pp. 323-346..
  • Malosieva G.V. Features of Growth and Development of the Representatives of the Genus Microcerasus WEBB. Emend Spach in the Botanical Garden Named After E. Gareeva of National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyz Republic. The Herald of Kyrgyz National Agrarian University, 2011, no. 2 (20), pp. 48-52..
  • Mamadzhanov D.K. On the Early Appearance of Fruit Forms of Walnut. The Herald of Kyrgyz National Agrarian University, 2011, no. 2 (20), pp. 9-13..
  • Mert C., Barut E., Ipek A. Variation in Flower Bud Differentiation and Progression of Floral Organs With Respect to Crop Load in Olive. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 2013, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 79-85.
  • Nesterov Ya.S. The Secondary Flowering of Fruit Crops. Botanical Journal, 1961, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 266-270..
  • Nilsson O., Weigel D. Modulating the Timing of Flowering. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 1997, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 195-199.
  • Opalko A.I., Zaplichko F.O. Fruit and Vegetable Crops Breeding. Kyiv, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2000. 440 p. (in Ukrainian).
  • Opalko O.A., Opalko A.I. Features of Angiosperm Woody Plants Re-Bloom. Autochthonous and Alien Plants. The Collection of Proceedings of the Sofiyivka National Dendrological Park of NAS of Ukraine, 2013, vol. 9, pp. 51-60. (in Ukrainian).
  • Öpik H., Rolfe S.A. The Physiology of Flowering Plants. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2005. 404 p.
  • Ramula S., Mutikainen P. Sex Allocation of Females and Hermaphrodites in the Gynodioecious Geranium Sylvaticum. Annals of Botany, 2003, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 207-213.
  • Romanov G.A. Mikhail Khristoforovich Chailakhyan: The Fate of the Scientist Under the Sign of Florigen. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2012, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 443-450.
  • Shishkova S.O. Genetics of Flower Development. Lutova L.A. Genetics of Plant Development. Saint Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2000, chap. 2.5, pp. 201-255..
  • Sidorskiy A.G. Evolution of Sexual Systems in Flowering Plants. Nizhniy Novgorod, Volga-Vyatka Publishing House, 1991. 210 p..
  • Simson S.P., Straus M.C. Basics of Horticulture. Jaipur, Oxford Book Company, 2010. 312 p.
  • Tamaki Sh., Matsuo Sh., Wong H.L. Hd3a Protein is a Mobile Flowering Signal in Rice. Science, 2007, vol. 316, no. 5827, pp. 1033-1036.
  • Visser T. Juvenile Phase and Growth of Apple and Pear Sidling. Euphytica, 1964, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 119-129.
  • Vitkovskiy V.L. Morphogenesis of Fruit Crops. Leningrad, Kolos Publ., 1984. 207 p..
  • Webb C.J. Empirical Studies: Evolution and Maintenance of Dimorphic Breeding Systems. Geber M.A., Dawson T.E., Delph L.F., eds. Gender and Sexual Dimorphism in Flowering Plants. New York, Springer-Verlag, 1999, pp. 61-95.
  • Wilkie J.D., Sedgley M., Olesen T. Regulation of Floral Initiation in Horticultural Trees. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2008, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 3215-3228.
  • Yandovka L.F. Cyto-Morphological Features of Secondary Flowers Bloom of Cerasus Vulgaris (Rosa Ceae) and the Prospects for Their Use in Breeding. The Successes of Modern Science, 2005, no. 11, p. 52..
  • Zdruykovskaya A.I. Nurture of Plum Seed Embryos Derived From Secondary (Autumnal) Flowering. Agrobiology, 1954, no. 4, pp. 39-45..
  • Zhmylev P.Yu., Karpukhina E.A., Zhmyleva A.P. Secondary Flowering: the Induction and Development Abnormalities. Journal of General Biology, 2009, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 262-273..
Еще
Статья научная