Chemical composition of root chicory

Автор: Vyutnova O.M., Novikova I.A.

Журнал: Овощи России @vegetables

Рубрика: Агрохимия

Статья в выпуске: 1 (45), 2019 года.

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The value of the root chicory is due to the unique chemical composition of its roots. Depending on the variety, place of growth and growing conditions of culture chicory roots contain 72.0-77.0% water, 1.0-1.2% protein, 0.1-0.3% fat, 1.0 6.0% sugar, 12.0-30% inulin, 1.3-1.8% fiber, 1.1-1.9% ash, 0.3-0.4% phosphorus, 1.3-1.4% potassium, 0.3-0.4% calcium. Chicory roots can serve as a raw material for the production of various products: coffee surrogate, alcohol, sugar substitute and inulin in its pure form. Depending on the type of final product, the processing industry has different requirements for the chemical composition of the root crops. Coffee-chicory industry makes demands of the high content of inulin in the roots as the main nutritional flavor substratum, the high content of glucoside of inhibin reporting chicory drink a specific coffee flavor and aroma, and low content of proteins. The sugar industry is interested in a high percentage of inulin and other soluble carbohydrates that are easily converted into sugars, and in a small content of intibin, which gives the product a bitter taste, as well as in a small amount of proteins that are the most malicious pathogens that complicate sugar extraction...


Chicory root, chemical composition, inulin, fructose, inhibin, cicorel

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IDR: 140240746   |   DOI: 10.18619/2072-9146-2019-1-83-85

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