Current state and prospects of family policy in Russia: socio-demographic analysis

Автор: Rostovskaya Tamara K., Kuchmaeva Oksana V., Bezverbnaya Natalya A.

Журнал: Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast @volnc-esc-en

Рубрика: Social development

Статья в выпуске: 6 (66) т.12, 2019 года.

Бесплатный доступ

The goal of the work is to analyze the measures and expected results of the state family policy, including the activities of the national project “Demography” (2018), affecting the interests of the family, which allows us to determine the prospects of family policy. The article is based on the analysis of state documents on the strategy of demographic and family policy, official statistics, population censuses and sample surveys of Rosstat. We identify the effectiveness of family policy measures taking into account the differentiation of socio-demographic development of regions. To do this, we use methods of descriptive statistics and multidimensional data analysis - dispersion and cluster analysis. The cluster analysis makes it possible to form typological groups of regions depending on the dynamics of fertility, poverty level and the development of the preschool care system - the most important indicators characterizing the implementation of family policy strategy. Economic support measures, the effectiveness of which has been proven in a number of studies conducted in countries around the world, are very important for Russian families. However, the impact of these measures has its own specific features in connection with the differentiation of economic development of regions, opportunities for the development of social infrastructure, and maintenance of a decent standard of living for families with children; it is important to take all this into account in the development of family policy. The analysis of the effectiveness of family policy suggests the need to change the structure of implemented measures. Family policy should be long-term and systemic; it should be aimed at creating conditions that increase the independence of the family in modern society and economic relations. Often, in the course of formation of a strategy for activities in the field of family policy, there is no clear link between the goals of activities and indicators of its achievement. Complex issues that need to be addressed in the interests of the family (for example, providing opportunities for parents to combine family and professional roles) and that need to unite the efforts of various actors, including employers, remain outside the focus of family policy. The intersection of activities and expected results does not allow us to assess the effectiveness of individual strategic documents in the field of family policy.

Еще

Institution of the family, family policy, birth rate, demographic policy, effectiveness of family policy, national project "demography"

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/147224232

IDR: 147224232   |   DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.6.66.12

Список литературы Current state and prospects of family policy in Russia: socio-demographic analysis

  • Iudin A.A., Shpilev D.A. Main areas of research of family problems in modern Germany. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya=Sociological Studies, 2012, no. 1, pp. 103. (In Russian).
  • Lesthaeghe R. Second Demographic Transition, Basil Blackwell. Available at: http://www.vub.ac.be/SOCO/ron/final_textSDTBasilBlackwellEncyclop.doc (accessed: 08.07.2019).
  • Vishnevsky А., Jasilioniene A., Kotowska I., Krimer B., Kurylo I., Maslauskaite A., von der Lippe E., Muresan C., Pronko T., Puur A., Rasevic M., Sakkeus L., Sambt J., Sobotka T., Frejka T., Basten S., procha B., Stankuniene V., astn A., Stropnik N., Zeman K., Zvidrins P., Zakharov S. V. Fertility and family policies in Central and Eastern Europe. Barnet Papers in Social Research, 2015, no. 15-01 (9).
  • Andreeva A.I., Gorshkova I.D., Kovalevskaya A.S. Recommendations for evaluating the socio-economic effectiveness of social programs. Definitions, approaches, and practical experience. Мoscow: Prospekt, 2014. 72 p. (In Russian)
  • E.V. Dmitrishina, M.E. Krivelevich, E.A. Litvinenko, et al. Analysis of the effectiveness of budget expenditures for children. Federal budget and budgets of entities of the Russian Federation. SPERO, 2011, no. 15, pp. 105-144. (In Russian).
  • Arkhangel'skii V.N. Assistance to families with children in Russia: an assessment of demographic impact. SOTSIS=Sociological Studies, 2015, no. 3, pp. 56-64. (In Russian).
  • Zakharov S.V. Demographic analysis of the effect of family policy measures in Russia in the 1980s. SPERO, 2007, no. 5, pp. 33-69. (In Russian).
  • Ermisch J. The econometric analysis of birth rate dynamics in Britain. The Journal of Human Resources, 1988, no. 23(4), pp. 563-576.
  • Finch N., Bradshaw J. Fertility and supporting the costs of children. Paper presented at the conference Recent fertility trends in Northern Europe, Oslo, Norway, 2003.
  • Kravdal Ø. How the local supply of day-care centers influences fertility in Norway: a parity-specific approach. Population Research, 1996, no. 5 (6), pp. 187-216.
  • McDonald P. The "Toolbox" of public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. In: Low Fertility, Families and Public Policies. Sevilla: European Observatory on Family Matters, 2000.
  • McDonald P. An assessment of policies that support having children from the perspectives of equity, efficiency and efficacy. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, 2006, pp. 213-234.
  • Baizan P. Regional child care availability and fertility decisions in Spain. Demographic Research, 2009, vol. 21, art. 27, pp. 803-842.
  • Lacalle-Calderon M., Perez-Trujillo M., Neira I. Fertility and economic development: quantile regression evidence on the inverse j-shaped pattern. European Journal of Population, 2017, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 1-31.
  • Gauthier A. H., Hatzius J. Family benefits and fertility: аn econometric analysis. Population Studies, 1997, no. 51, рp. 295-306.
  • McDonald P. Low fertility rate in the Russian Federation: Challenges and strategic approaches. Proceedings of the international seminar, Moscow, 14-15 September, 2006. Мoscow: Prava cheloveka, 2006. 101 p.
  • Hassan N.M. Work-life balance: a concern on effectiveness of job role and employee's engagement towards organizational goal. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2016, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 411-422
  • Elizalde-San Miguel B., Díaz Gandasegui V., Sanz García M.T. Begoña Elizalde-San Miguel. Family Policy Index: a tool for policy makers to increase the effectiveness of family policies. Social Indicators Research, 2019, vol. 142, no. 1, pp. 387-409.
  • Fernandez-Crehuet J.M., Gimenez-Nadal J.I., Recio L.E.R. The National Work-Life Balance Index: the European case. Social Indicators Research, 2016, no. 128(1), рр. 341-359.
  • Ferragina E., Seeleib-Kaider M. Determinants of a Silent Revolution: understanding the expansion of family policy in rich OECD countries. Social Politics, 2015, no. 22(1), рр. 1-37.
  • Glass J., Simon R.W., Andersson M.A. Parenthood and happiness: effects of work-family reconciliation policies in 22 countries. American Journal of Sociology, 2015, no. 122(3), рр. 886-929.
  • Esping-Andersen G., Billari F.C. Re-theorizing family demographics. Population and Development Review, 2015, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 1-31.
  • Baizan P., Arpino B., Delclòs C.E. The effect of gender policies on fertility: the moderating role of education and normative context. European Journal of Population, 2016, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1-30.
  • Pozdnyakova N., Sukhorukova E., Romachevskaya A., Sinyavskaya O. Family policy in relation to the fertility rate and well-being of families with children. Data analysis by country. Demoskop Weekly, 2016, no. 701-702. Available at: http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/2016/0701/analit04.php (accessed: 08.07.2019). (In Russian).
  • Tyndik A.O. Overview of current family policy measures in countries with low fertility rate. SPERO, 2009, no. 12, pp. 157-176. (In Russian).
  • Isupova O.G. What the experience of family politics teaches. Demoskop Weekly, 2017, no. 739-740, pp. 1-25. Available at: http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2017/0739/tema01.php (accessed: 08.07.2019). (In Russian).
  • Tkachenko A.A. Demographic revival or deceptio visus? Vlast'=The Power, 2018, no. 1, pp. 47-58. (In Russian).
  • Kochkina E.V. Family, demographic, and "children's" policy in Russia 2012-2015: Ratio of indicators and efficiency. In: Nastoyashchee i budushchee sem'i v menyayushchemsya mire: koll. monog. [The present and future of a family in a changing world: Collective monograph]: Ekon-Inform, 2015. Pp. 152-165.
  • Bajos N., Le Guen M., Bohet A., Panjo H., Moreau C. Effectiveness of Family Planning Policies: The Abortion Paradox. 2014. Available at: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/citation?id= (accessed: 08.07.2019).
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091539
  • Andreev M.V., Zakharov S.V. Micro-census-2015 questions the effectiveness of measures to stimulate the birth rate. Demoskop Weekly, 2017, no. 711-712, pp. 1-25. Available at: http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/2017/0711/ tema01.php (accessed: 08.07.2019). (In Russian).
  • Zakharov S.V. Modest demographic results of the pro-natalist policy in the context of the long-term evolution of the fertility rate in Russia. Part 1. Demograficheskoe obozrenie=Demographic Review, 2016, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 6-38. Available at: https://dem href='contents.asp?titleid=22910' title='Review'>Review.hse.ru/2016-3/196884104.html (accessed: 08.07.2019). (In Russian).
  • Slonimczyk F., Yurko A. Assessing the impact of the maternity capital policy in Russia. Labour Economics, 2014, vol. 30, pp. 265-281.
  • Borozdina E., Rotkirch A., Temkina A. Using maternity capital: citizen distrust of Russian family policy. European Journal of Women's Studies, 2016, vol. 23, no. 1. Available at: 10.1177/1350506814543838 (accessed: 08.07.2019).
  • DOI: 10.1177/1350506814543838(accessed
  • Popova L.A. Modern Russian demographic policy in the field of fertility: Results and areas for improvement. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny: Fakty, tendentsii, prognoz=Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2016, no. 2, pp. 79-93. (In Russian).
  • Elizarov V.V. Russia's demographic development targets for 2024: will the experience of the recent past help achieve them? Trudy Vol'nogo ekonomicheskogo obshchestva Rossii=Scientific Works of the Free Economic Society of Russia, 2018, no. 3, pp. 322-350. (In Russian).
  • Antonov A.I. Goals of active family and demographic policy in connection with trends of the population of the Russian Federation. Trudy Vol'nogo ekonomicheskogo obshchestva Rossii=Scientific Works of the Free Economic Society of Russia, 2018, no. 3, pp. 264-275. (In Russian).
  • Isupova O.G. Family policy measures in Russia in the light of the results of the 2015 population micro-census. Russia's Population in 2016: 24rd Annual Demographic Report. Moscow: HSE, 2018. Pp. 260-301. (In Russian).
  • Shubat O.M., Shmarova I.V. Cluster analysis as an analytical tool of population policy. Ekonomika regiona=Regional Economy, 2017, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1175-1183. (In Russian).
  • Kuchmaeva O.V. A perfect family model in the eyes of Russians and a strategy to increase the value of a family lifestyle. Ekonomika. Nalogi. Pravo=Economy. Taxes. Law, 2019, no. 2, pp. 70-82. (In Russian).
Еще
Статья научная