Conflicts in protected areas within the European part of the Russian Arctic: systematization and a mechanism for their resolution

Автор: Smirennikova Elena V., Ukhanova Anna V.

Журнал: Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast @volnc-esc-en

Рубрика: Environmental economics

Статья в выпуске: 6 т.14, 2021 года.

Бесплатный доступ

It would be difficult to overestimate the role of protected areas in the conservation of the Arctic nature. Due to their fragility and vulnerability to anthropogenic impacts, Arctic natural complexes need special and stricter protection. The importance of preserving the nature of the Arctic is also due to the fact that maintaining the environment in an undisturbed natural state is one of the main ways to preserve the traditional culture and lifestyle of the indigenous peoples of the North. However, the processes of creation and functioning of protected areas are often accompanied by conflicts; this reduces the efficiency of the entire network of protected areas. The article uses our own algorithm to identify and classify conflicts in protected areas within the regions of the European part of the Russian Arctic. In total, we revealed 138 conflicts in 21.6% of protected areas; 70.3% of the conflicts are in the most acute stage of open confrontation. As a result of the research, we have developed a universal mechanism for resolving conflict situations in protected areas. The mechanism is of a closed nature and includes the following implementation stages: setting a goal; analyzing conflicts that arise during the creation and functioning of protected areas; identifying stakeholders and their interests; identifying the subject and stage of the conflict; arranging the work of a platform for coordinating the interests of stakeholders; taking into account the priority of sustainable development in the territory; setting specific tasks and choosing conflict resolution tools; monitoring conflict situations in protected areas. We believe that the implementation of the proposed mechanism will ensure a balance of interests of the local population, economic entities, authorities and other interested parties, and will also contribute to sustainable socioi environmental and economic development in protected areas and in adjacent territories as well.

Еще

Russian arctic, protected areas, conflict

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/147236297

IDR: 147236297   |   DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.6.78.10

Список литературы Conflicts in protected areas within the European part of the Russian Arctic: systematization and a mechanism for their resolution

  • Evsjeev A.V., Krasovskaya T.M. Modern conflicts of nature management in the North of Russia. In: Problemy geokonfliktologii. Tom II [Problems of Geoconflictology. Volume 2]. Moscow: Press-Solo, 2004. Pp. 276–294 (in Russian).
  • Evsjeev A.V., Krasovskaya T.M. Nature management in the North of Russia. Teoreticheskaya i prikladnaya ekologiya=Theoretical and Applied Ecology, 2008, no. 1, pp. 90–96 (in Russian).
  • Evseev A.V., Krasovskaya T.M., Chereshnia O.Yu. Potential conflicts of nature management in the Nenets Autonomous District. In: InterKarto. InterGIS [InterCarto. InterGIS]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta, 2019, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 81–88. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2019-1-25-81-88 (in Russian).
  • Evseev A.V., Krasovskaya T.M., Belousov S.K. Revealing and mapping of nature management conflicts in the Northern Yakutia advanced development zone of the Russian Arctic. In: InterKarto. InterGIS [InterCarto. InterGIS]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta, 2020, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 68–79. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2020-1-26-68-79 (in Russian).
  • Shuvaev N.S. et al. Modern nature management: Typization, problems, conflicts. Geologiya, geografiya i global’naya energiya=Geology, Geography and Global Energy, 2019, no. 2 (73), pp. 73–90 (in Russian).
  • Shuvaev N.S. et al. Conflicts of nature management: Typification and analysis at the present stage. Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye nauki=Scientific Bulletin of Belgorod State University. Series: Natural Sciences, 2018, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 446–458. DOI: 10.18413/2075-4671-2018-42-3-446-458 (in Russian).
  • Vorobjevskaya E.L. et al. Modern natural resource management and geoecological problems in the central part of the Kola Peninsula. Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii=Ecology and Industry in Russia, 2017, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 30–35. DOI: 10.18412/1816-0395-2017-6-30-35 (in Russian).
  • Vorob’evskaya E.L., Kirillov S.N., Sedova N.B. Ecological situation control in central Lake Baikal ecological zone. Nauchnoe obozrenie=Science Review, 2016, no. 15, pp. 112–117 (in Russian).
  • Emerson K., Orr P.J., Keyes D.L., Mcknight K.M. Environmental conflict resolution: Evaluating performance outcomes and contributing factors. Conflict resolution Quarterly, 2009, vol. 27, no. 1, рр. 27–38. DOI: 10.1002/crq.247
  • Krasnoyarova B.A. et al. Spatial organization and conflict of natural-economic systems development in Western Siberia. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Severo-Kavkazskii region. Seriya: Estestvennye nauki=Bulletin of Higher Education Institutes North Caucasus Region. Natural Sciences, 2018, no. 3 (199), pp. 98–106 (in Russian).
  • Gerber J.-F., Veuthey S., Martínez-Alier J. Linking political ecology with ecological economic in tree plantation conflicts in Cameroon and Ecuador. Ecological Economics, 2009, vol. 68, рр. 2885–2889.
  • Johannesen A.B. Protected areas, wildlife conservation, and local welfare. Ecological economics, 2009, vol. 1, рр. 126–135.
  • Mbanze A.A., Vieira da Silva C., Ribeiro N.S., Santos J.L. Participation in illegal harvesting of natural resources and the perceived costs and benefits of living within a protected area. Ecological Economics, 2021, vol. 179, 106825. DOI: doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106825
  • Campos-Silva J.V., Peres C.A., Hawes J.E., Haugaasen T., Freitas C.T., Ladle R.J., Lopes P.F.M. Sustainable-use protected areas catalyze enhanced livelihoods in rural Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021, vol. 118 (40). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2105480118
  • Alekseenko N.A. Maps of nature management conflicts for the design of nature protection areas of regional and local importance. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 5. Geografiya=Moscow University Bulletin. Series 5, Geography, 2012, no. 2, pp. 54–58 (in Russian).
  • Alekseenko N.A., Drozdov A.V. Conflicts in nature management and their mapping (the case of NP “Ugra”). Izvestiya RAN. Seriya geograficheskaya=News of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Geography Series, 2005, no. 6, pp. 77–85 (in Russian).
  • Kuznetsov M.P., Pegov S.A. Nature management conflicts in the area of the Valdai National Park. Izvestiya RAN. Seriya geograficheskaya=News of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Geography Series, 2010, no. 4, pp. 77–85 (in Russian).
  • Kostovskaya S.K., Chervyakova O.G., Stulyshapku V.O. Nature management conflicts in protected areas. Problemy regional’noi ekologii=Problems of Regional Ecology, 2010, no. 2, pp. 208–214 (in Russian).
  • Bocharnikova A.V. The role of traditional institutions in strategies of co-administration of protected areas in Primorskiy region of Russia. Biosfera=Biosphere, 2017, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 71–78 (in Russian).
  • Dahrendorf R. Elemente eines Theorie des sozialen Konflikts. Gesellschaft und Freiheit. München: R. Piper, 1965. 454 р.
  • Coser L.А. Funktsii sotsial’nogo konflikta [The Functions of Social Conflict]. Translated form English by O.A. Nazarova. Moscow: Ideya-Press, Dom intellektual’noi knigi, 2000. 205 p.
  • Solomatina E.N. Formation and development of the sociology of conflict in Russia. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 18. Sotsiologiya i politologiya=Moscow State University Bulletin. Series 18. Sociology and political Science, 2011, no. 2, pp. 207–221 (in Russian).
  • Lozano R. Envisioning sustainability three-dimensionally. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2008, no. 16 (17), рp.1838–1846.
  • Dryzek J.S. The Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. 261 p.
  • Bürgi M., Ali P., Chowdhury A., Heinimann A., Hett C., Kienast F., Mondal M.K., Upreti B.R. and Verburg P.H. Integrated landscape approach: Closing the gap between theory and application. Sustainabilit, 2017, no. 9 (8). рр. 1371. DOI: 10.3390/su9081371
  • Sayer J., Sunderland T., Ghazoul J., Pfund J.L., Sheil D., Meijaard E., Venter M., Boedhihartono A.K., Day M., Garcia C., Van Oosten C. Ten principles for a landscape approach to reconciling agriculture, conservation, and other competing land uses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2013, no. 110 (21), рр. 8349–8356.
  • Arts B., Buizer M., Horlings L., Ingram V., Van Oosten C., Opdam P. Landscape approaches: A state-of-the-art review. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017, no. 42, рp. 439–463. DOI: 10.1146/ANNUREV-ENVIRON-102016-060932
  • Freeman R.E. Stakeholder Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Marshfield, MA: Pitman Publishing, 1984. 276 p.
  • Smirennikova E.V., Ukhanova A.V., Voronina L.V. Conflicts in protected natural areas of the Arctic region: Identifying, analyzing and finding the solutions. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz=Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 107–123. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.3.62.7 (in Russian).
  • Hausner V.H., Engen S., Muñoz L., Fauchald P. Assessing a nationwide policy reform toward community-based conservation of biological diversity and ecosystem services in the Alpine North. Ecosystem Services, 2021, vol. 49 (2021), 101289. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2021.101289
Еще
Статья научная