Collective capitalist property in the institutional structure of Russia in the 1930s-1980s

Автор: Beznin Mikhail A., Dimoni Tatyana M.

Журнал: Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast @volnc-esc-en

Рубрика: History of economic and sociological thought

Статья в выпуске: 4 т.13, 2020 года.

Бесплатный доступ

The article deals with a subject of the possibility of applying the institutional theory to the study of the economic structure of Soviet Russia and the use of its individual elements to solve the problems of improving the efficiency of public administration at the present development stage of this country. The purpose of the work is to consider the basic issues of the evolution of the country’s socio-economic development at the stage of bifurcation. The novelty of the research is that it shows the evolutionary trends of the property institute and the political and ideological mechanisms of their ensuring in the 1930s-1980s. The emphasis is put on identifying the stages of property relations transformation: from the formation of collective capitalist ownership in the period of 1930s-1950s to the trends to its individualization in the 1960s-1980s. The turn of the 1990s is considered as a period of fundamental change of the collective capitalist property institute. According to the authors, the formation of a proto-bourgeois class of co-owners, which provided capitalist tendencies in the society’s development, was of great importance in Soviet times. The article shows the ideological content of trends leading to the capitalist transformation of Russia, which consist in justifying the property rights concentration. The change in the social base of the ruling class formation, the inclusion of the representatives of the intellectuals’ class and the intelligentsia in its composition were quite important in this process. It is noted that privatization in the course of market transformations broke the existing property relations in the Soviet period and led to an increase in social inequality. The authors emphasize the urgent need to restructure modern state policy in terms of taking into account the mentality of the “Russian life” and economic traditions that developed during the Soviet period.

Еще

Russia, ussr, state capitalism, institutions, institutional mechanisms, property, proto-bourgeoisie

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/147225476

IDR: 147225476   |   DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.4.70.11

Список литературы Collective capitalist property in the institutional structure of Russia in the 1930s-1980s

  • North D.C., Thomas R.P. The Rise of a Western World: A New Economic History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972. 179 p.
  • Fogel R.W. Railroads and American Economic Growth: Essays in Econometric History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1964. 296 p.
  • North D. Institutions and economic growth: An historical introduction. World Development, 1989, vol. 17, no. 9, p. 1319–1332.
  • Tilly Сh. Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1984. 176 p.
  • Kapeliushnikov R.I. Contra pan-institutionalism. In: Institutsional’naya ekonomicheskaya teoriya: istoriya, problemy, perspektivy [Institutional economic theory: History, problems, prospects]. Sankt-Peterburg: Leont’evskii tsentr, 2019. Pp. 7–31 (in Russian).
  • Beznin M.A., Dimoni Т.М. Revisiting the type of Economic system in the USSR. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2016, no. 5 (47), pp. 238–250.
  • Beznin M.A., Dimoni T.M. The institutional features of Russian capitalism: From Stalin to Brezhnev. Voprosy teoreticheskoi ekonomiki=Theoretical Economics, 2019, no. 2 (5), pp. 118–135 (in Russian).
  • Beznin M.A., Dimoni T.M. A Soviet proto-bourgeoisie: Genesis of the upper class of Russian society. Noveishaya istoriya Rossii=Modern History of Russia, 2019, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 437–453 (in Russian).
  • Pierson P., Skocpol T. Historical Institutionalism in Contemporary Political Science. In: Katznelson I., Milner H. (eds). Political Science: State of the Discipline. New York: Norton, 2002, рp. 693–721.
  • Beznin M.A., Dimoni T.M. Agrarnyi stroi Rossii 1930-1980-kh godov [Russia’s Agricultural System in the 1930-1980s]. Moscow: Lenand, 2019. 830 p.
  • Osipov Yu.M. Osnovy teorii khozyaistvennogo mekhanizma [Fundamentals of the Theory of the Economic Mechanism]. Moscowa: MGU, 2005. 367 p.
  • Polterovich V.M. Transplantation of economic institutions. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoi Rossii=Economics of Contemporary Russia, 2001, no. 3, pp. 24–50 (in Russian).
  • North D. Institutional change: A framework of analysis. Voprosy ekonomiki=Voprosy Ekonomiki, 1997, no. 3, pp. 6–17 (in Russian).
  • Istomin S.V. The nature of the institutional mechanism. Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta=Bulletin of Chelyabinsk State University, 2009, no. 1, Economics, issue 17, pp. 46–52 (in Russian).
  • Turner J. The Institutional Order: Economy, Kinship, Religion, Polity, Law, and Education in Evolutionary and Comparative Perspective. New York: Longman, 1997. 306 p.
  • Trotsky L.D. Predannaya revolyutsiya [The Revolution Betrayed]. Moscow: NII kul’tury, 1991. 254 p.
  • Avtorhanov A.G. Proiskhozhdenie partokratii [The Origin of the Partocracy]. In two volumes. Frankfurt/Main: Possev, 1983. Vol. 1. 726 p.; vol. 2. 536 p.
  • Dzhilas M. Litso totalitarizma [The Face of Totalitarianism]. Moscow: Novosti, 1992. 539 p.
  • Voslenskii M.S. Nomenklatura: gospodstvuyushchii klass Sovetskogo Soyuza [Nomenclature: Ruling Class of the Soviet Union]. Moscow: Sovetskaya Rossiya, 1991. 622 p.
  • Resheniya partii i pravitel’stva po khozyaistvennym voprosam [Decisions of the Party and the Government on Economic Issues]. Vol. 4 (1953–1961). Moscow: Politizdat, 1968. 750 p.
  • Gulin K.A. Revisiting the issue of the «Initial Accumulation of Capital» in Post-Soviet Russia. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, no. 6 (12), pp. 276–291.
  • Beznin M.A., Dimoni T.M., Stoletova A.S. Bourgeois tendencies in the social life and mentality of the Soviet society of the 1950s to 80s. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta=Vestnik of Kostroma State University, 2020, no. 1 (26), pp. 77–86 (in Russian).
  • Chernev A.D. 229 kremlevskikh vozhdei. Politbyuro, Orgbyuro, Sekretariat TsK Kommunisticheskoi partii v litsakh i tsifrakh [229 Kremlin leaders. Politburo, Orgburo, Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party in faces and figures]. Moscow: zhurnal «Rodina», 1996. 333 p.
  • Pis’ma V.G. Venzhera i A.V.Saninoi I.V. Stalinu [Letters of V.G. Venzher and I.V. Sanina to Stalin]. In: Kooperatsiya. Stranitsy istorii [Cooperation. History Pages]. Issue IV. Moscow: IE RAN, 1994. Pp. 240–275 (in Russian).
  • Stalin I.V. Ekonomicheskie problemy sotsializma v SSSR [Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR]. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo politicheskoi literatury, 1952. 96 p.
  • Glazyev S.Yu. New peaceful stock. Model for assembly. Trudy VEO Rossii=Scientific Works of the Free Economic Society of Russia, 2018, no. 2 (210 vol.), pp. 240–246 (in Russian).
  • Voeikov M.I., Gorodetskii A.E., Grinberg R.S. Ekonomicheskaya priroda gosudarstva: novyi rakurs: Nauchnyi doklad [The economic nature of the State: A new perspective: Scientific report]. Moscow: Institut ekonomiki RAN, 2018. 54 p.
  • Ilyin V.A., Morev M.V., Povarova A.I. Sotsial’noe gosudarstvo v Rossii: itogi i perspektivy [Social State in Russia: Problems and Prospects]. Vologda: VolNTs RAN, 2018. 229 p.
  • Ilyin V.A., Morev M.V. The problem of civilizational choice and its reflection in the key documents defining the present and future of Russia. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz=Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 9–23. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.3.63.1 (in Russian).
Еще
Статья научная