Increasing the efficiency of gas exchange during alimentary biocorrection of the nutritional status of students and teachers of an engineering university
Автор: Rodionova N.S., Popov E.S., Zaharova N.A., Cherkasova N.S., Sholin V.A.
Рубрика: Пищевая биотехнология
Статья в выпуске: 1 (87), 2021 года.
The results of studies of the alimentary correction of the efficiency of gas exchange processes in the lungs are presented on the example of students and teachers of an engineering university with the daily use of food products with known bio-corrective properties: 3.5 g of wheat germ oil (MZP), 50 g of flour from wheat germ meal (MZHP), 6.5 g of concentrated tissue fish oil (CTR) and their combinations with the biomass of the consortium of lacto - and bifidobacteria (10 g). The efficiency of gas exchange processes was assessed based on the analysis of the respiratory coefficient, the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) in the exhaled gas mixture was determined using a TESTO-310 gas analyzer, an MDG-1201 capnograph, the values of which were recorded before and after daily consumption of the studied products during 30 days. The experimental group consisted of volunteers - teachers and university students aged 16 to 65 years, divided into 3 age groups: 16-24, 25-44 and 45-65 years old. It was found that the most effective antihypoxant is MZHP, in all age groups the increase in the mean values ??of DC was 0.041 units, and relative to the initial values - 4.8%. With the use of MW, the change in DC was 0.032, an increase relative to the initial indicators - 3.7%. For the 1st, 2nd and 3rd age groups, the average change in DC was: 0.031, 0.036 and 0.043 units, relative to the initial indicators, the growth was 3.5, 4.2 and 5.0%, respectively. It has been proven that the combination of the investigated biocorrectors with active forms of probiotic microorganisms provides a more active antihypoxant effect for all investigated products, in all age groups. The efficiency of the minimum wage has increased, the increase in DC was 0.049 units, for CTR - 0.024 units. The growth of DC relative to the initial values was 5.7 and 2.9%, respectively. The synergism of the action of biocorrectors in combination with probiotics, by age groups, was 0.035, 0.033 and 0.038 units, which relative to the initial indicators was 4.1, 3.8 and 4.5%. The data obtained make it possible to state the possibility of a significant alimentary effect on the efficiency of gas exchange in the lungs, prove the antihypoxant properties of MZP, MZHP, CTR, as well as an increase in the effectiveness of combinations of these biocorrectors with active forms of probiotic microorganisms.
Respiratory quotient, biocorrectors, diet, probiotic microorganisms, oil, wheat germ, flour, cake, cryoconcentration, fish oil
Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/140257314
IDR: 140257314 | DOI: 10.20914/2310-1202-2021-1-138-145