Influence of fertilizers and growth regulator on the change of biochemical properties of hybrids of onion during storage

Автор: Bebris A.R., Borisov V.A., Fillrose N.A., Maslowski S.A., Monachos G.F.

Журнал: Овощи России @vegetables

Рубрика: Агрохимия

Статья в выпуске: 4 (42), 2018 года.

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Research staff All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - Branch of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Federal Scientific Vegetable Center in collaboration with Russian state agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev agricultural Academy conducted research (2014-2016) on the effect of fertilizers and plant growth regulators on changes in the quality of onions of the Pervenets F1, Bennito F1 hybrids and Poisk 012 F1 during storage. As a result of research, the greatest effect was obtained from the complex application of N90P90K90 in combination with trace elements (tenso-cocktail) and a growth regulator Zircon. This system allowed to obtain high biochemical parameters of onions. At the end of the 7 months of storage (October-may), the highest dry matter and sugar content and the minimum nitrate content was observed in Pervenets F1 onions, as well as in hybrid Bennito F1. In the late-maturing hybrid onions Poisk 012 F1 at the end of storage, the dry matter content decreased to 6,8-7,3%, sugars to 3,6-4,1%, vitamin "C" to 3,2-4,9 mg%, and nitrates increased to 92,1 mg/kg, which led to a decrease in product quality and large losses of onions from diseases and natural losses (up to 48-59%). The main reason for these losses was the lack of maturity of bulbs,low solids and sugars during harvest. It is obvious that for long-term storage it is necessary to use bulbs with a dry matter content of at least 10%. It was found out that feeding of onions during the beginning of the formation of food organizations with potassium nitrate, treatment with a growth regulator of Zircon and a complex of microelements of tenso-cocktail contributes to better preservation of the quality of onions.

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Onion, hybrids, persistence, quality, dry matter, sugars, vitamin c, nitrates

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/140223848

IDR: 140223848   |   DOI: 10.18619/2072-9146-2018-4-67-70

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