Статьи журнала - Вестник Международной академии наук (Русская секция)

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"Darwinism" and the future of a globalized world

"Darwinism" and the future of a globalized world

Kofler W.

Статья научная

The given political situation is dominated on a loss of predictability and of the validity of signed contracts. Classic Darwinist can justify this with the evolutionary principle of natural selection that the fittest will/ should survive. But Darwin relativized this position for the understanding of the evolution of humans as social beings. He introduced “sympathy distinct from love”. Both principles seem to exclude each another as mechanics and electromagnetism seemed to be incompatible. Einstein developed the technique of hypothetic - deductive theories of principle and could interlink both with the Relativity Theories. This technique is used to interlink both positions of Darwin. The joint basis of both evolutionary principles is surprisingly “win - win”. Its principles are demonstrated on the metaphor of chess. It is explained why also the genetically based evolution can be understood as a special case of “win - win”. Therefore, evolution on the basis of “sympathy” is understandable as the next step of evolution with natural selection as the precursor principle. All the demands of precursor levels have to be taken further on in consideration. “Sympathy” is never sufficient to deal adequately with the challenges of the globalized world. Responsibility would be a possible solution.

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"Каспийско-Гирканский перешеек" - ключевое звено в "дороге Страбона", как часть Великого шелкового пути

"Каспийско-Гирканский перешеек" - ключевое звено в "дороге Страбона", как часть Великого шелкового пути

Халилова Т.Ш.

Статья научная

В статье, опираясь на античные письменные исторические источники, картографические, геолого􏰀геофизические и природно􏰀климатические сведения, был предложен новый взгляд на древнюю историю Каспийского моря и При􏰀каспийской Ойкумены. Было установлено, что в древности, Южно-􏰀Каспийскую впадину отделял от Среднего и Се􏰀верного Каспия сухопутный перешеек, который, в результате изменений уровня воды и тектонических процессов, периодически погружался под воду. Именно этот перешеек, по мнению автора, являлся тем самым коротким пу􏰀 тем от Азии до Европы, через Каспийское море, о котором писал в своих трудах Страбон.

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"Новый человек" по трансгуманистически и отношение российской молодежи к его основным признакам

"Новый человек" по трансгуманистически и отношение российской молодежи к его основным признакам

Луков В.А.

Статья научная

В статье рассматриваются черты «трансчеловека», которые должны изменить природу человека в будущем и стать ступенью к «постчеловеку», идеал которого представлен в трансгуманизме. Приводятся данные исследований, проведенных среди молодежи в различных территориях России в 2016/2017 и 2019 г. и показывающих, что и в этой категории населения, считающейся наиболее открытой для экспериментов с человеком, нет единства в отношении оценок ожидаемых в трансгуманизме признаков «транслюдей».

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150 лет со дня открытия Д. И. Менделеевым периодической системы химических элементов

150 лет со дня открытия Д. И. Менделеевым периодической системы химических элементов

Оганесян Ю.Ц., Пенионжкевич Ю.Э.

Статья научная

2019 год объявлен ЮНЕСКО годом Периодической системы элементов Д.И.Менделеева. 150 лет тому назад выдающийся российский ученый Д.И.Менделеев систематизировал существующие тогда химические элементы по химическим свойствам и создал систему элементов. С тех пор к существующим шестидесяти химическим элементам добавилось почти столько же. Сейчас таблица насчитывает 118 химических элементов, большинство из которых были синтезированы искусственно, в том числе и на ускорителях заряженных частиц. Особенно бурный всплеск синтеза и исследования новых тяжелых трансфермиевых элементов произошел в последние 20 лет, когда в различных мировых научных центрах, имеющих мощные ускорительные комплексы, было синтезировано около 20 новых тяжелых и сверхтяжелых элементов. В представленной статье авторы обсуждают современную ситуацию по синтезу новых элементов с порядковым номером больше 110 и перспективы дальнейшего продвижения в область сверхтяжелых элементов

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A health oriented characterization of big bang, electromagnetic fields and matter

A health oriented characterization of big bang, electromagnetic fields and matter

Kofler W., Glazachev O. S.

Статья научная

The proposal of the «Extended view» of a human person as a biopsychosocial being and its interactions with his/her different environments for the comprehensive understanding of health, illness, recreation and wellbeing is based on a special application of the technique for theories of principles. This technique was developed by A. Einstein to link indispensable but actually incompatible theories Basics and the relevance of paradigms are presented as indispensable fundament of any scientific activity. The technique had to be modified for the health-oriented use. The prerequisite for a theory of principle can be a jointly accepted term but with not fully identical contents. The acceptance of one evolutionary process is such a position for all health related scientific disciplines. But the principles «behind» evolution are different according to the different paradigms to make the evolutionary process plausible; Emotional, cognitive and intellectual effects - additional to physical and biochemical ones - are indispensable for the understanding of a human person but are not part of the phenomena of physical or chemical entities or of the evolutionary model e.g...

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An «extended view» of a human person as a social being: the health relevance of environmental factors

An «extended view» of a human person as a social being: the health relevance of environmental factors

Kofler Walter W.

Статья научная

In the paper presented to the 12th World Clean Air and Environmental Congress 2001 in Seoul a new model was proposed for a better understanding of the health relevance of environmental disasters (1, 2): This model is based on the assumption that any being is an «autonomous actor» because of its «potentia». «Potentia» enables to realise self guided and self organised effects. It is postulated, that «potentia» has two aspects («potentials») which are in a complementary relationship (acc. to N. Bohr): If an outside observer is observing an effect based on one of the (unobservable) aspects the effects of the other aspect can not be observed. One potential is commonly used in natural science: the potential for activities which can be characterised in terms related to matter or energy (e. g. power etc). The other potential is obviously given too, but - maybe because of extra-scientific reasons as I described in the literature (3, pp 15ff) - there is no term to deal with it in a similar way as we are used to deal with energetical potential (fields, physical and chemical powers etc). Natural scientists use only terms to express the consequence of its use: e.g. to speak of antigens and antibodies, of conditioning etc. This technique is as long adequate, as e.g. the capacity of the potential is available in sufficient amount. If there would not be such a limited potential we should expect changings in the phenomena - not based on a lack of energy. Therefore we have introduced a term for this potential: «Ordnendes Diskriminationspotential» («arranging discrimination potential» - still a working term only). This potential allows the autonomous actor to «make a difference to information», to «deal with information» and to guide its «energetical potentials» e. g. to repair mechanisms. Then we postulated characteristics so that experimental proving is possible: e. g. «Potentia» and therefore both «potentials» are postulated as restricted and restricting. There are different consequences: a) The «potentials» allow attributing to the «autonomous actors» a process we call «evolution». - Within this process the qualities of both potentials are modified. Therefore terms are needed to express the level which is reached (e. g. field - physical powers - chemical powers to distinct different levels of the energetical potential). We propose the term «ability to organise» to name the level of living entities to deal with information («Organisationsvermögen»). (More details to this process will published in this journal soon (4). b) We should expect changing phenomena in consequence of the assumption that the «ability to organise» is limited: Therefore it was predicted that inadequate capacities to organise should cause causally unspecific health effects independently from the additional specific health effects according to the particular nature of the external stimulus: Assuming that the amount of organisational capacity of an organism is limited, any additional demand on this capacity will negatively influence existing adaptive processes in their attempts to establish - with the consequence of more severe symptoms.

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Casting bells and shaping needles: music as a metaphorical guide in classical Chinese medicine

Casting bells and shaping needles: music as a metaphorical guide in classical Chinese medicine

Lan F.

Статья научная

The use of concepts and metaphors originated from ancient musical theories is an important feature of the theories that base the early practice of acupuncture in China despite being neglected by modern textbooks. In this paper, we highlight how concepts and ideas originated from the ancient musical theories influenced and contributed to shape the discourse of acupuncture theories in Huangdi Neijing 《黄帝内经 》 (HDNJ). We correlate musical metaphors and medical theories when investigating the Yellow Bell (Huangzhong-黄锺), a metaphor from an important musical concept that is also an ancient musical instrument and appears in one important passage of the text of chapter 78 of HDNJ Lingshu - On the Nine Needles《黄帝内经.灵枢经》《九针论》 when explaining the choice of the number nine as the primordial number of shapes for the classical acupuncture needles. This exemplifies the central role that ancient Chinese musical theories and its metaphors- embedded in the discourse of HDNJ- play in the construction of the early theories and practices of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine.

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Comparative study on air pollution and health damage - a case of Osaka city

Comparative study on air pollution and health damage - a case of Osaka city

Wakai I.

Статья научная

In this study, a trend analysis was conducted using the interannual data of measured values of sulfur dioxide in the air and the number of officially recognized victims of pollution - related diseases, in Osaka City, in order to clarify the health impact of air pollution. As a result, it has been shown that the number of victims tends mostly to decrease as the level of sulfur dioxide in the air becomes lower.

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Effect of the creation of a comfortable urban environment for the accumulation of population - Osaka city as a case study

Effect of the creation of a comfortable urban environment for the accumulation of population - Osaka city as a case study

Wakai I.

Статья научная

Modern cities, having suffered from the bitter experience of pollution which caused population outflow over many years, began to create comfortable urban environments in order to encourage the settlement of people, which serves as the source of urban vitality. This study clarified the effectiveness toward this end in order to verify both quantitatively and qualita􏰀 tively the achievement resulting from the creation of a comfortable urban environment in the case of Osaka city, by intro􏰀 ducing environmental indicators. It thereby demonstrated that populations have been re􏰀accumulated at the center of modern cities, which have become more convenient and comfortable.

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Forest medicine: the secret power of shinrin-yoku. The art and science of Japanese forest bathing

Forest medicine: the secret power of shinrin-yoku. The art and science of Japanese forest bathing

Li Q.

Статья научная

We all know how good being in forests can make us feel. We have known it for millennia. The sounds of the forest, the scent of the trees, the sunlight playing through the leaves, the fresh, clean air in the forests - these things give us a sense of com􏰀 fort. They ease our stress and worry, help us to relax and to think more clearly. Being in forests can restore our mood, give us back our energy and vitality, refresh and rejuvenate us. In Japanese, we have a word for those feelings that are too deep for words: shinrin􏰀yoku or forest bathing. In this article, I will let you know the secret power of the forests through shinrin-yoku/forest bathing.

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Franz Halberg: a maverick ahead of his time

Franz Halberg: a maverick ahead of his time

Cornelissen G.

Статья научная

Franz Halberg (1919-2013) was a remarkable man and an exceptional scientist. He is regarded by most as the «father» of modern chronobiology. Having realized the critical importance and far􏰀reaching implications of biological rhythms, he undertook the tasks of (a) documenting their ubiquity at all levels of organization; (b) developing methods for their objec􏰀 tive and quantitative characterization; (c) uncovering their rules of behavior and mapping a broad time structure of inter􏰀 acting multi􏰀frequency rhythms; (d) providing the nomenclature; and (e) paving the way for important applications in medicine and biology more generally. By adding «time» to the existing body of knowledge, Halberg raised the homeostatic curtain of ignorance, thereby fundamentally changing our view of physiology. By insisting on an inferential statistical foundation, a microscopy in time was born. By adding a telescopy in time with a methodical scrutiny of non􏰀photic and envi􏰀 ronmental influences on biota, chronomics flourished under his leadership. Herein, we review key ideas that led Halberg to build the new disciplines of chronobiology and chronomics.

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Future as a result of evolution and planning

Future as a result of evolution and planning

Gunter Runkel

Статья научная

When one comprehends 'Future as a Result of Evolution and Planning', one can recognise that one can have an influence on the future without falling for a determinate of planning. Society can not plan its own future; it is dependent on evolution. In other words, it is not planning reason that decides the future, but evolution. An equitable evolutionary theory does not lead to reticence in all practical questions, but rather, one can be more considerate in what actions to take. Evolution occurs principally openly, so that one cannot determine it through planning, but only influence it, although the intended results do not always arise.

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Global health and global pollution: present and future challenges

Global health and global pollution: present and future challenges

Assuncao J. V.

Статья научная

The article examines the relationship between public health and pollution in the perspective of a globalized world in which environmental and health problems go beyond national borders, demanding global cooperation for a sustainable society. It also describes the factors that have influenced the increase in pollution, its current situation and prospects for the future.

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Hundred years relativity theories - a stimulus for a theory for medicine?

Hundred years relativity theories - a stimulus for a theory for medicine?

Kofler W.W.

Статья научная

Natural scientists celebrate actually 100 years Relativity Theories. A good reason to jubilate for physicists and cosmologists: Einstein changed their world view thanks to new theories of science. So physics improved from a discipline without options for new discoveries to the leading discipline. This caused dramatic influences on manpower, grants and world economics. Einstein contributed also to the implementation of former unaccepted positions about the power of science. These positions liberated all types of scientists from former restrictions. This ongoing enabled scientists to successful problem oriented specializations e.g. in pharmacology. So medicine could use more powerful tools. These tools are based just on - from the philosophical view - materialistic principles. These aspects can be handled by computers with increasing success. But the feature and central proposition of medicine is based just on «idealistic» principles: on a comprehensive and insightful attention to the individual person. No improvements are to observe in these «idealistic» principles. On the contrary: The complaints against machine-like impersonal medicine are increasing. But Einstein opened the door also to improve this unique selling position as he caused the revival for its most genius period of physics. Einstein’s secret was to open brand new applications thanks to the unification of disciplines which seemed to be logically incompatible. So medicine should focus on a unification of all health related sectoral disciplines within one theory of medicine. As well Einstein’s theory of sciences which were used to invent the SRT allows the creation of such a comprehensive theory as the won liberty to apply ontological positions just problem oriented. This liberty justifies postulating fundamentals just on and for the basis of the obvious needs of patients and health care workers. These fundamentals allow deducing a principle for the self􏰀creation of any emergent health related win within the permanent evolutionary win.

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Impact on land value of waterscape as part of ecosystem services

Impact on land value of waterscape as part of ecosystem services

Wakai I.

Статья научная

This study focuses on waterfronts which are a source of ecosystem services and are now one of the rare urban natural elements, based on the idea that it is essential to maintain and further a sound relationship between ecosystem services and human wellbeing, in order to recreate today's cities to sustainable eccities. Assuming that the environmental value of a waterscape reflects land value, waterfront spaces in Osaka City were selected and the impact of their waterscapes on land value was considered. It will be necessary in the future to further clarify the impact in question by conducting quantitative analysis based on the site location factor which is considered for land appraisal.

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Lichens as bioindicators of air pollutants

Lichens as bioindicators of air pollutants

Trk R.

Статья научная

The specific sensitivity of lichens to air pollutants enables us to use them for monitoring the effects of airborne toxic gases, such as sulphur dioxide and nitrous oxides. The monitoring can be carried out by mapping the epiphytic lichen biodiver􏰀 sity and the exposure of sensitive lichen species to the environment. Because of their anatomical structure and the rela􏰀 tively high absorption layer of lichens they are able to accumulate heavy metals and radionuclides. Thus the spatial distri􏰀 bution of manmade radionuclides and of heavy metals originating from traffic and industrial processes can be demonstrated by using lichens as monitoring organisms.

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Light and health

Light and health

Bartenbach Ch.

Статья научная

This article is the continuation of the article “Light and health”, published in the Journal in 2018, №1. It deals with the influence of light on the hormones serotonin and melatonin. On the one hand, the importance of daylighting on serotonin production and our research work and results concerning this topic will be presented in this article. For the synchronisation of the inner clock daylight is essential. Our indoor society works and lives in spaces with a lack of natural daylight. The indoor (standard) illuminances may be enough for certain visual tasks but for the synchronisation of the circadian rhythm higher illuminances are needed. This can be achieved by light guiding systems as illustrated by application examples in this article. Light guiding lamella harvest the light and guide it to the reflective ceiling and therefore to the depth of the room. A conventional glazed façade is “repaired” by this light guiding systems. The more appropriate measure to improve daylight quality in buildings is another one: Daylight should be the decisive design parameter in the architectural designing process - new building typologies should be created...

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Light and health (part 1)

Light and health (part 1)

Bartenbach Ch.

Статья научная

This paper discusses how the effect of light is related to health, wellbeing and diseases, of both a mental and physical nature. This not only concerns the optimisation of vision and the visual performance range, but also the «creation of knowledge» as a harbinger of consciousness. Since most of the sensory stimuli that reach our brain are of a visual nature, this means that the processing of information inputs is mainly a visual activity. This processing and the associated visual behaviour is predominantly done in a neural way through the «visual system» and hormonally through the «non􏰀visual system». These processes are explained and the associated research results, some of which have not yet been published, are presented. Results that predominantly concern the visual processes of perception also show the significance they would have if they were actually implemented. This also applies in particular to the «non􏰀visual system», in which the hormonal components that are influenced by light, i.e. serotonin and melatonin, are considered in conjunction with the circadian rhythm with regard to the implementation of daylighting and artificial lighting systems.

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Nature-culture-health promotion as community building

Nature-culture-health promotion as community building

G. Tellnes , Batt-rawden K.B. , Christie W.H.

Статья научная

Recent research confirm that longevity and a healthy life is strongly influenced by belonging to closely knit communities or groups, that can give you a sense of meaning, belonging and a sense of coping through collective activities. New health chal􏰀 lenges means that new and diverse networks have to be created in order to achieve interdisciplinary collaboration. Such net􏰀 works should provide mutual assistance within and between countries and facilitate exchange of information on which strate􏰀 gies are effective in which settings. This paper describes research studies that show how «nature and cultural activities» can promote health, quality of life and environment for individuals and create healthy local communities. At the Centre for NatureCultureHealth in Asker, a suburb west of Oslo, there have since 1994 been several experiments where individuals from the local population have been helped to find their own talents and capacity for work to maintain function and pleasure in work. Through participation in NatureCultureHealth activity􏰀groups (NaCuHeal) the individual will find the opportunity to participate in dancing, music, art, physical activity, nature walks, hiking, gardening or contact with pets. Access to nature is a determinant of health, and lack of this will be a contributing factor to increased social inequality in health and welfare. Culture like art and music is socially significant in ways to act as a medium that allow people to connect with others, which allows bridge building and creates friendships, establishes and/or re􏰀establishes social networks and local communities. Safety Promotion and injury prevention should also be natural part of NatureCultureHealth promotion in order to strengthen The Public’s Health.

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