Trends in the use of gluten-free flours in the production of functional products

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The scientific review article allows to evaluate the relevance of scientific research of gluten-free bakery and confectionery products produced on the basis of secondary types of flour and flour mixtures, modern sources of non-traditional types of fruit and berry raw materials, innovative technologies, functional ingredients, designed to maintain the health of the population suffering from gluten intolerance. Much attention is paid to the use of amaranth seed flour in bread production, which has a higher biological value compared to traditional types of flour. Adding, along with amaranth flour, chufa tuber flour, carrot, rowan, pumpkin, apple and other powders to the dough can expand the diet of patients with symptoms of gluten intolerance. In particular, the apple powder contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease, excess weight, removal of heavy metals from the body, prevent the development of atrophy of the skeletal muscles, and carrot powder - speed recovery from a nervous breakdown, prolonged stress, strengthen the heart muscle, improve blood vessels, enhance immunity, prevent the development of atherosclerosis, hypertension, etc. The technology of production of gluten-free products based on amaranth seed flour mixed with corn or rice flour continues to be improved, which significantly increases the nutritional value of these products and expands the range of affordable gluten-free food products of domestic production. Another example is croissants baked on the basis of rice, buckwheat, flaxseed, almond and Teff flour. The analysis of organoleptic and physicochemical parameters showed that they meet the requirements of quality and high taste and aroma characteristics. Gluten-free bread based on chia flour, buckwheat flour, flax, soybean, amaranth, millet, tapioca, sorghum, peas, quinoa, rice and lupine flours contain a high amount of dietary fiber, positively influencing the quantitative and qualitative composition of intestinal microflora and helping to preserve the freshness of baked products. Despite the commonality of existing approaches in the production of gluten-free products, scientists suggest supplementing the existing recipes with secondary types of flour, fruit and berry and other functional components. Thus, the problem of using gluten-free flours in the production of functional products remains the object of increased scientific attention on the part of scientists, manufacturers and consumers.


Gluten-free products, gluten-free flour, amaranth flour, rice flour, gluten-free diet, gluten, celiac disease

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IDR: 140257312   |   DOI: 10.20914/2310-1202-2021-1-121-128

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