Role of small business in providing employment in the Russian north

Автор: Terentyeva Marina A.

Журнал: Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast @volnc-esc-en

Рубрика: Regional economy

Статья в выпуске: 4 т.13, 2020 года.

Бесплатный доступ

The article is devoted to the study of the level and dynamics of small business in the Russian North in current conditions on the basis of official statistics and the author's sociological survey. The reasons of the functioning and development of small business in market conditions are revealed. Regions of the Far North and territories equated to such are studied. The object of the research is small business in the northern Russian regions. The subject of the research is the study of the features of business development in the northern Russian regions. The purpose of this work is the study of processes taking place in the sphere of employment in the small business sector and its development in the northern regions of Russia. The information basis of this paper consists of domestic and foreign economists' works, materials of periodicals, and Internet resources on this topic. The results of the study show that employment in small businesses in the northern Russian regions, which are characterized by the dominance of extractive industries in the economy, does not have a strong impact on overall employment which is caused by this sector's current insufficient advancement. There is a narrowing of the small business sector on studied territories. With a case study of one northern region (the Komi Republic), we showed a contribution of small business into the provision of employment. The impact of small business on primary socio-economic indicators of the region is revealed. The assessment was conducted, and a low level of residents' business activity was noted: northerners do not seek to open a business due to a low level of expectations associated with the improvement of the economic situation and understanding of spatial development problems on the territory of residence. The main reasons of northerners' low business activity are the lack of entrepreneurial skills, the lack of start-up capital and difficulties with its attraction. The key directions of the increase of employment in the small business sphere of the northern regions are highlighted.

Еще

Small business, employment, unemployment, business activity, age, russian north

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/147225471

IDR: 147225471   |   DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.4.70.6

Список литературы Role of small business in providing employment in the Russian north

  • Rossiiskii krupnyi biznes [Russian Big Business]. Under the editorship of Ya.Sh. Pappe, Ya.S. Galukhina. Moscow: Izd. dom VShE, 2009.
  • Tyukavkin N.M. Prospects of development of big business. Vestnik SamGU=Vestnik of Samara State University, 2013, no. 10 (111), pp. 100–101 (in Russian).
  • Kurilo A.E., Moroshkina M.V. Development of small entrepreneurship: Comparative analysis of Northern and Russian Regions. Sever i rynok: formirovanie ekonomicheskogo poryadka=Sever i rynok: formirovanie èkonomičeskogo porâdka, 2018, no. 3, pp. 146–147. DOI: 10.25702/KSC.2220-802X.3.2018.59.145-154 (in Russian).
  • Zubarevich N.V. Inequality of regions and large cities of Russia: What was changed in the 2010s? Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’=Social Sciences and Contemporary World, 2019, no. 4, pp. 57–70. DOI 10.31857/S086904990005814-7 (in Russian).
  • Korchak A.D., Korchak E.A. Key features of the labor markets in the northern regions of the Russian Federation. Sever i rynok: formirovanie ekonomicheskogo poryadka=Sever i rynok: formirovanie èkonomičeskogo porâdka, 2013, no. 6, pp. 36–37 (in Russian).
  • Zakharova Zh.A., Kislinskii V.V. Actual problems of small business development in the regions of the Center of Russia. Regional’naya ekonomika i upravlenie: elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal=Regional Economics and Management: Electronic Scientific Journal, 2019, no. 3 (59). Available at: https://eee-region.ru/article/5922/ (accessed: 28.05.2020) (in Russian).
  • Chepurenko A.Yu. What is entrepreneurship and what entrepreneurship policy does Russia need? (Marginal notes on works of modern foreign classics). Zhurnal Novoi ekonomicheskoi assotsiatsii=Journal of the New Economic Association, 2012, no. 2 (14), pp. 102–124 (in Russian).
  • Verkhovskaya O.R., Dorokhina M.V. Entrepreneurship activity in contemporary Russia. Rossiiskii zhurnal menedzhmenta=Russian Management Journal, 2008, no. 1, pp. 25–52 (in Russian).
  • Voynova S.I., Saveleva I.P. Evaluation of business activity: Essence and types of economic activities. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya: elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal=Modern Problems of Science and Education, 2012, no. 1, pp. 35–40 (in Russian).
  • Yudanov A.Yu. Embodiments of entrepreneurial spirit: «Gazelle-Firms» in Russia. Zhurnal Novoi ekonomicheskoi assotsiatsii=Journal of the New Economic Association, 2010, no. 5, pp. 91–108 (in Russian).
  • Kirchhoff B.A. Entrepreneurship and Dynamic Capitalism. Westport: Praeger, 1994.
  • Soete L.L.G. Firm size and inventive activity: The evidence reconsidered . European Economic Review, 1979, vol. 12 (4), pp. 319–340.
  • Lu Syaomey. Small and medium-sized business in the conditions of the world economy globalization. Vestnik GGTU im. P.O. Sukhogo=Vestnik of the Sukhoi State Technical University of Gomel, 2014, no. 2 (57), pp. 89–95 (in Russian).
  • Sadykova L.G. Features of small entrepreneurship development in foreign countries. Voprosy ekonomiki i prava=Economic and Law Issues, 2010, no. 12, pp. 231–235. Available at: http://ecsocman.hse.ru/data/2011/06/29/1267393400/Sadykova%20231-235.pdf (accessed: 21.05.2020) (in Russian).
  • Zemtsov S.P., Baburin V.L. Entrepreneurial ecosystems in Russian regions. Regional’nye issledovaniya=Regional Research, 2019, no. 2 (64), pp. 4–14. DOI: 10.5922/1994-5280-2019-2-1 (in Russian).
  • Dubrova T.A, Agekyan E.A., Klochko Yu.S. Econometric study of factors of the small business development in Russian regions. Regional’nye issledovaniya=Regional Research, 2014, no. 5, pp. 130–135 (in Russian).
  • Storey D.J., Strange A. Are they now? Some changes in firms located on UK science parks in 1986. New Technology, Work and Employment, 1992, vol. 7, pp. 15–28.
  • Keeble D. New firm and regional economic development: Experience and impacts in the 1980s. Cambridge Regional Review, 1990, no. 1, pp. 19–38.
  • Bartik T. J. Small business start-ups in the United States: Estimates of the effects of characteristics of states. Southern Economic Journal, 1989, vol. 55, pp. 1004–1018.
  • Brusco S. The Emilian model: Productive decentralization and social integration. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 1982, vol. 6, pp. 167–184.
  • Razvitie predprinimatel’stva v byvshikh sotsialisticheskikh respublikakh (Rol’ malogo biznesa v ekonomicheskom razvitii) [Entrepreneurship Development in Former Socialistic Countries (The Role of Small Business in Economic Development)]. Under the editorship of V.G. Basaeva, T.A. Sil’chenko, E.G. Pochesneva. Novosibirsk: IEiOOP, 1995.
  • Beesley M.E., Hamilton R.T. Small firm’s seedbed role and the concept of turbulence. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 1984, vol. 33 (2), pp. 217–231.
  • Baumol W. Entrepreneurship: Productive, unproductive and destructive. J. of Political Econ., 1990, vol. 98 (5), pp. 893–921.
  • Hart M., Hanvey E. Job generation and new and small firms: Some evidence from the late 1980s. Small Business Economics, 1995, vol. 7, pp. 97–109.
  • Tikhonova N.E., Chepurenko A.Yu. Entrepreneurial potential of Russian society. Mir Rossii=Universe of Russia, 2004, no. 1, pp. 120–121 (in Russian).
  • Shane S. The Illusions of Entrepreneurship: The Costly Myths that Entrepreneurs, Investors, and Policy Makers Live by. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2008.
  • Antokhina Yu.A., Guzikova L.A., Vidyakina V.A. Economic role of small business in Russia today. Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. Vestnik Volgogradskogo Instituta Biznesa=Scientific journal “Business. Education. Law”, 2015, no. 4 (33), pp. 14–18. (in Russian)
  • Audretsch D.B., Thurik R. Linking entrepreneurship to growth. OECD Science, Technology, and Industry Working Papers, 2001, no. 2, pp. 3–34.
  • Deakins D., Freel M. Predprinimatel’stvo i malye firmy [Enterpreneurship and Small Firms]. Translated from English by A.B. Rappoport. Khar’kov: Gumanitarnyi Tsentr, 2014. 443 p.
  • Terentyeva M.A. Small entrepreneurship in the region. Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. Vestnik Volgogradskogo Instituta Biznesa=Scientific journal “Business. Education. Law”, 2019, no. 1, pp. 268–373 (in Russian).
  • Artem’ev N.V., Latov Yu.V. Institutional and economic circumstances squeezing small business out of Russia’s formal economy. Terra Econimicus, 2015, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 62–70 (in Russian).
  • Bondarenko T.G., Isaeva E.A. Startups in Russia: the urgent issues of development. Naukovedenie=Naukovedenie, 2015, vol. 7, no. 5. Available at: https://naukovedenie.ru/PDF/83EVN515.pdf (accessed: 07.10.2019). DOI: 10.15862/83EVN515
  • Bykova N.N., Rogozina L.S. Problems of business development in Russia. Molodoi uchenyi=Young Scientist, 2016, no. 3 (107), pp. 480–482 (in Russian).
  • Demograficheskii i trudovoi faktory ustoichivogo razvitiya severnykh regionov Rossii [Demographic and Labor Factors of Sustainable Development of the Northern Regions of Russia]. Edit. by V.V. Fauzer. Moscow: Izd-vo «Ekon-Inform», 2018.
  • Popova L.A., Terentyeva M.A. Topical issues of labour potential development in the Republic of Komi. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz=Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2012, no. 6 (24), pp. 146–154 (in Russian).
  • Rubin Yu.B. Competency-based approach in teaching entrepreneurship to Russian youth. In: Formirovanie professional’nykh predprinimatel’skikh kompetentsii molodezhi v protsesse obucheniya predprinimatel’stvu: materialy Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii [Formation of professional entrepreneurial competencies of youth in the process of entrepreneurship training: Proceedings of the international conference]. Moscow, 2014. Pp. 5–14 (in Russian).
Еще
Статья научная