Research and optimization of the technology for the synthesis of a modifying additive based on a mixture of hydrosilicates and calcium aluminosilicates

Автор: Loganina V.I., Frolov M.V.

Журнал: Nanotechnologies in Construction: A Scientific Internet-Journal @nanobuild-en

Рубрика: Construction material science

Статья в выпуске: 3 Vol.14, 2022 года.

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Introduction. To improve the performance properties of lime coatings, modifying additives are introduced into their formulation. The development of a technology for the synthesis of an additive containing calcium hydro- and aluminosilicates, which promote the binding of lime and increase the resistance of the lime composite, is of current interest. Materials and methods. To prepare an additive based on a mixture of hydro silicates and calcium aluminosilicates, liquid sodium glass (GOST 13078), technical (purified) aluminum sulfate (GOST 12966), and quicklime were used. The pozzolanic activity of the materials was determined by the absorption of lime from lime mortar. Results. It has been established that the mineralogical composition of the additive obtained at the 1st stage of synthesis is represented by hydro silicates of the tobermorite group. The mineralogical composition of the additive obtained at the 2nd stage of synthesis is represented by hydro silicates of the tobermorite group, gypsum, and calcium aluminosilicates. The particle size of the additive is from 10 to 40 μm. The pozzolanic activity of the additive obtained at the first stage of synthesis was 238.6 mg/g, and that obtained at the second stage of synthesis was 3.2 times higher and amounted to 762.5 mg/g. The introduction of an additive obtained at the 2nd stage of synthesis into the composition increases the compressive strength of lime composites by 2.87 times. Conclusion. It is proposed to use a modifying additive obtained by a two-stage synthesis technology in heat-insulating DBM. The optimal concentration of the proposed modifying additive is selected, which is 10% by weight of lime.


Modifier, calcium hydro silicates, calcium hydro aluminosilicates, lime, hardening

Короткий адрес:

IDR: 142232049   |   DOI: 10.15828/2075-8545-2022-14-3-190-197

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