Biotechnological methods of plant improvement and breeding of virus free planting material of Lactuca sativa L

Автор: Romanova O.B., Soldatenko A.V., Chichvarina O.A., Akhramenko V.A., Pavlova O.V., Romanov V.S.

Журнал: Овощи России @vegetables

Рубрика: Селекция и семеноводство сельскохозяйственных растений

Статья в выпуске: 2 (46), 2019 года.

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The article presents the results of research on the production in vitro of regenerated plants from the seeds of cultivars of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Emerald, Bouquet, Chameleon (FSBSI Federal Scientific Vegetable Center), susceptible of aspermia tomato (Tomato aspermy cucumovirus) -AsTV. Seeds of strongly susceptible to AsTV varieties of salad Chameleon and Bouquet were subjected to thermotherapy at different temperatures (37°C, 38°C, 40°C) for a different time interval (1, 3, 5, 7,10 days) in dry form and when mostened. Marked varietal specificity during germination of seeds after thermotherapy. Thus, the greatest number of seedlings in the emerald variety was obtained after 5 days of thermotherapy (10.0±0), while the Bouquet variety had the best results after 3 days of thermotherapy (9.3±1.2) with moisture. After thermotherapy of dry seeds by 40°C plant material of cultivar Emerald was planted on solid and liquid culture media. The conditions of step sterilization of lettuce seeds for introduction into the culture in vitro were chosen: washing in 96% ethanol, then in 50% aqueous solution of “Whiteness“ with the addition of Twin-20, after in sterile distilled water...

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Lactuca sativa l, вирус аспермии томата (tomato aspermy cucumovirus) -astv(cucumovirus, bromoviridae) термотерапия, lettuce, tomato aspermia virus (tomato aspermy cucumovirus) - astv (cucumovirus, bromoviridae), thermotherapy, sterilization of seeds, biotechnology, virus-free plants

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Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/140240685

IDR: 140240685   |   DOI: 10.18619/2072-9146-2019-2-22-26

Статья научная