Application of starter cultures on milk and milk-containing mixtures

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Milk-containing products occupy a large place in the range of popular products. Replacing milk fat or protein with vegetable fat can reduce the biological value of the product and its organoleptic properties. the effect of direct application starter cultures on raw materials that use functionally necessary ingredients (structure-forming agents, salt, sugar, etc.), food additives (thickeners, stabilizers, preservatives, etc.) and a variety of non-dairy components (non-dairy fats, non-dairy proteins, meat products, fruits, vegetables, spices, herbs, nuts, etc.) is ambiguous. The paper deals with the use of homogeneous and combined starter cultures in the production of fermented milk products from natural and normalized milk and milk-containing mixtures with a substitute for milk fat. The introduction of components of plant origin into the product leads to a decrease in the content of milk protein in the mixtures, which in turn leads to the formation of clots with a non-uniform consistency. Slow acid formation in milk-containing mixtures indicates a decrease in milk sugar in them with this type of normalization in fat, relative to the normalized milk according to the classical technology. This pattern was revealed both when using starter cultures on lactic acid thermophilic streptococci, and on combined starter cultures. In this paper, it is proposed to use Streptococcus salivarius subsp in ferments for milk-containing mixtures. thermophilus strain ST-95. The introduction of the ST-95 strain into the starter culture made it possible to obtain from the milk-containing mixture a fermented milk product with well-pronounced organoleptic properties, a stable clot structure and sufficiently high taste properties. The greatest positive effect was obtained on combined ferments.


Starter culture, technology, dairy products, milk-containing products, thermophilic streptococcus

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IDR: 140261127   |   DOI: 10.20914/2310-1202-2021-2-102-107

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