Geoinformation technologies for assessing epizootologic and epidemiologic situation with anthrax
Автор: Simonova E.G., Shabeikin A.A., Raichich S.R., Loktionova M.N., Saburova S.A., Patyashina M.A., Ladnyi V.I., Gulyukin A.M.
Статья в выпуске: 3 (27), 2019 года.
The article dwells on opportunities granted by application of geoinformation technologies in surveillance over anthrax, an infection that still remains rather dangerous. It was shown that, in spite of a decrease in incidence with anthrax among animals and people, risks persist on the RF territory; these risks are caused by residual activity in soil foci. A geoinformation system was applied to determine that at present areas where anthrax can be detected are predominantly located in forest-steppe zones, steppe zones, dry steppe zones, and Caucasian-Crimean mountain regions. 82 % of all the outbreaks detected in the 21st century occurred in these geographic zones. Unfavorable situation with anthrax seems to be clearly bound to territories with prevailing leached black earth, common black earth, mountain black earth, and mountain cinnamonic soil. Over the last years most anthrax outbreaks have occurred on these territories. All these territories were shown to have warm climate, with predominant stockbreeding in agriculture, as well as great numbers of cattle in private households; these cattle grazed freely on territories of natural foci with anthrax, and a lot of household work was handled manually...
Anthrax, soil focus, stationary unfavorable point, anthrax disposal, risk assessment, geoinformation system
Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/142223291
IDR: 142223291 | DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2019.3.09