Palaeobotanical materials of the Prague culture

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Palaeobotanical data relating to the Prague culture from territories rangingfrom the Dnieper valley to that of the Dniester are introduced. Four sites were investigatedby the author (Velikaya Bugaevka, Kodyn I, Kodyn II, Luka-Kavetchinskaya); materialsfrom the sites Rashkov III and Teterevki I analysed by G. A. Pashkevich (Fig. 1; Table)were also used for the investigation. Materials from Velikaya Bugayevka (Fig. 2) areonly of interest for evaluation of the world-view of medieval Slavs and they are not usedfor statistical analysis. For the latter materials have been used from four sites: Kodyn I,Kodyn II, Luka-Kavetchinskaya, Rashkov III (Fig. 3; Table). The bases of vessels withimprints of millet (Fig. 4) are also not used for statistical analysis, because grains ofmillet do not find their way into pottery vessels by chance. Analysis of grain productionis carried out after recalculation of data relating to indices of mass: in first place is filmybarley; then there follow rye and soft hull-less wheat varieties; the least stable indices arethose for emmer wheat; the index for millet is between 1/10 and 1/6; the indices for oatsare stable at a low level (Fig. 5a). Cluster analysis showed that there is a fairly high levelof similarity with between the sites (ca. 90%) (Fig. 5б). The presence of weeds can testifyto the use of old-arable fields and the presence of plants with different cycles would pointto the use of both spring and winter sewing


Prague culture, palaeoethnobotanical materials, statistical analysis, agricultural cults, grain-based economy

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IDR: 14328160

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