Optimization of forest fire fighting expenditures

Автор: Volokitina A., Sofronova T.

Журнал: Лесохозяйственная информация @forestry-information

Рубрика: Охрана и защита лесов

Статья в выпуске: 2, 2018 года.

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The relevant background is analyzed in the USA and Russia. It is pointed out that expenditures for forest fire fighting and forest fire damage are in a dynamic reverse dependence. The main principle to optimize expenditures is formulated: the sum of expenditures and damage should be in the minimum. This becomes possible when expenditures and damage are equal. However, it is obvious that it is necessary to take into account a comprehensive damage, direct and indirect, including a predicted one. This principle is difficult to realize in practice since there are undefined and considerable fluctuations of fire areas and fire damage by years, as well as uncertainties in monetary evaluation of environmental fire effects (in particular, forest fire impact on atmospheric oxygen and carbon balance). The paper considers ways to overcome some difficulties on the assumption of equal estimation accuracy for various damage components. It is suggested that forest fire behaviour prediction based on vegetation fuel (VF) maps should be used for optimization of expenditures for forest fire fighting...


Forest fire fighting, optimization of expenditures, forest fire damage, environment, oxygen and carbon balance, vegetation fuel maps

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/143166215

IDR: 143166215   |   DOI: 10.24419/LHI.2304-3083.2018.2.06

Статья научная