Determination of the design parameters of the beet planter for uniform seed distribution

Автор: Soloviev S.V., Zavrazhnov A.A., Abrosimov A.G., Dyachkov S.V., Bakharev A.A., Kartechina N.V.

Журнал: Вестник Воронежского государственного университета инженерных технологий @vestnik-vsuet

Рубрика: Процессы и аппараты пищевых производств

Статья в выпуске: 2 (88), 2021 года.

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In the Tambov region, due to the widespread introduction of promising technologies for growing sugar beets, its yield has significantly increased, at the same time, the used seeding machines are not always able to provide the required depth of planting seeds, which leads to loss of yield and difficulty in applying fertilizers. In the course of previous studies, it was determined that with an increase in the angle of the scraper over 60 degrees, an increase in the percentage of filling the cells of the disc with seeds in various hybrids occurs, so research has established that in the hybrid PMC-120 at an angle of installation of the scraper of 70 degrees, 100 percent of the cells are filled with seeds, while in hybrids XM-1820 and Troika, the cells were filled only by 93.3%. It should also be noted that the PMC-120 hybrid with a scraper angle of 70 degrees had the lowest damage to the pellets - 0.67%, while the XM-1820 and Troika hybrids had 0.83 and 0.73%, respectively. With an increase in the angle of installation of the scraper over 80 degrees, the percentage of damaged seeds increased from 0.4 to 0.66%, on the basis of this, the design of the seeding device was proposed and theoretically substantiated, a feature of which is the reverse rotation of the seeding disc, while the rear wall of the opener is made in the form of a parabola appropriate trajectory of movement of seeds, which ensures their distribution in the immediate vicinity of its rear wall, thereby reducing the risk of falling asleep to the bed of the furrow before the granules get there. It has been determined that the trajectory of the granule movement directly depends on the angular speed of the seeding disc, which in turn depends on the geometric characteristics of the cells of the seeding disc. It is theoretically substantiated that the speed of the seed in the disc cell is determined by the sum of the projections, which makes it possible to calculate the curved surface of the opener.


Sugar beet, metering unit, opener, seed, beet seeder

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IDR: 140261163   |   DOI: 10.20914/2310-1202-2021-2-35-39

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