On the use of «nature-like nanotechnologies» in the buildings engineering systems of urban and rural schools

Бесплатный доступ

Introduction. Recently, much attention in the publications of scientists has been paid to “nature-like technologies” in the use of RES – renewable energy sources (sun, wind, heat). At the same time, foreign business, despite the fact that these sources are low concentrated and seasonal, is actively investing in their development. In Russia, these processes have been developing slowly, and therefore, on the basis of a system analysis, it seems relevant to justify the correct vector of application of RES. The article provides evidence of the insolvency of opinions about the insufficiency of the assimilation potential of the biosphere to compensate for the economic activity of mankind. In this connection, the scientific, technical and socio-economic tasks arise for the “reengineering of the technosphere” in the structure of the life support systems of society, including educational facilities. Methods and models. To solve these scientific, technical and socio-economic issues, by analogy with individual residential buildings, it is proposed to use “nature-like nanotechnologies” in the engineering systems of schools, and for evaluation - the method of retro-forecasting the results of introduction of domestic innovations, which has proved its adequacy when solving the problems of fire and environmental safety of the technosphere in the regions of the South of Russia. Results and discussion. The results of the synthesis and “virtual implementation” of autonomous engineering systems for school buildings are presented, which allow for the decentralization of electricity, water and heat supply by generating resources (water, heat and electricity) using the “Shukhov wind-electric installations” combined with a vortex system extraction of moisture of air, with their duplication by hydro panels and solar batteries. The calculations have demonstrated that the putting into production of such domestic innovations and the «reengineering» with their help of the engineering systems of 40 thousand Russian schools will allow autonomization and proper electricity, water and heat supply, which will ensure their safe functioning in compliance with GOST 12.1.004. Moreover, after the introduction of an autonomous engineering system in the school, due to the annual savings in budget subsidies for “pedagogical services”, it becomes possible to increase the monthly salary of each school teacher by 30–40 thousand rubles. Conclusion. The conducted studies confirm the results obtained in the synthesis of autonomous engineering systems for individual residential buildings, unequivocally determining the place of RES in the structure of resource supply systems for cities and rural settlements.

Еще

Nature-like nanotechnologies, decentralization of school resource supply, safety, autonomous engineering system, reliability, fire and energy damage, quality of resources, renewable energy sources (RES)

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/142232053

IDR: 142232053   |   DOI: 10.15828/2075-8545-2022-14-3-217-226

Список литературы On the use of «nature-like nanotechnologies» in the buildings engineering systems of urban and rural schools

  • Belozerov V.V., Boguslavsky E.I., Pashchinskaya V.V., Prus Yu.V. Adaptive systems of entropy suppression in the technosphere. Successes of modern natural science. 2006. 11: 59-62.
  • Kovalchuk M. V. Nanotechnologies - the foundation of a new science-intensive economy of the XXI century. Bulletin of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2008. 1: 143–158.
  • Kovalchuk M. V. Convergence of sciences and technologies – a breakthrough into the future. Russian Nanotechnologies. 2011. 6(1–2): 13–23.
  • Kovalchuk M. V., Naraykin O. S., Yatsishina E. B. Convergence of sciences and technologies and the formation of a new noosphere. Russian nanotechnologies. 2011. 6(9-10): 10–13.
  • Belozerov V.V., Pashchinskaya V.V. Bioarchitecture of transport and energy infrastructures. In: Modern trends in regional development: balance of economics and ecology: coll. materials of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference. Makhachkala: ISEI DSC RAS; 2014. p. 138–146.
  • Belozerov V.V. On the probabilistic-physical and entropy approaches to combustion processes and the definition of fire danger. Safety of technogenic and natural systems. 2021. 4: 36–51. Available from: https://doi.org/10.23947/2541-9129-2021-4-36-51.
  • Kovalchuk M. V., Naraykin O. S., Yatsishina E. B. Convergence of sciences and technologies - a new stage of scientific and technical development. Questions of Philosophy. 2013. 3: 3–11.
  • Belozerov V.V., Kirlyukova N.A., Pashchinskaya V.V. About nature-like technologies for road safety management. In: Improving the international competitiveness of Russian innovative products and technologies of enterprises of the Rostov region: collection of scientific papers. I International Scientific and Practical Conference, within the framework of the Open International Scientific and Practical Forum «Innovations and Engineering in Forming the Investment Attractiveness of the Region». Rostov on /Don: DSTU; 2016. P. 40–44.
  • Kovalchuk M.V., Naraykin O.S. Nature-Like Technologies – New Opportunities and New Threats. Security Index. 2016; 22(3-4): 103-108.
  • Sergeev A.M. Scientific support for the implementation of the priorities of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation. Introductory speech by the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences A.M. Sergeeva. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2019; 89(4): 309-310. Available from: https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869-5873894309-310
  • Belozerov V.V., Nikulin M.A., Belozerov Vl.V. On the socio-economic assessment of the reengineering of the technosphere with the help of «nature-like technologies». Nanotechnologies in construction. 2022; 14(2): 119–136. Available from: https://doi.org/10.15828/2075-8545-2022-14-2-119-136 .
  • Kokin A.V., Kokin A.A. Nature-like technologies and balanced environmental management in the conditions of modern economy. State and municipal management. Scientific notes. 2020; 1: 131-136. Available from: https://doi.org/10.22394/2079-1690-2020-1-1-131-136.
  • Kokin A.V. Assimilation potential of the biosphere. Rostov-on-Don: North Caucasian Academy of Civil Service; 2005.
  • Oleinikov S.N. To the justification of the fire taxation system for the prevention of fires and compensation for losses from them. Modern technologies for civil defense and emergency response. 2012; 1(3): 87-89.
  • Belozerov V.V., Oleinikov S.N. Retroforecast of fires and their consequences as a method for evaluating the effectiveness of innovations in the field of fire safety. Security Issues. 2017; 5: 55-70. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25136/2409-7543.2017.5.20698.
  • Education in numbers: 2021: a brief statistical collection /L. M. Gokhberg, O. K. Ozerova, E. V. Sautina and others. Moscow: NRU HSE; 2021.
  • Belozerov V.V., Voroshilov I.V., Oleinikov S.N., Belozerov Vl.V. Synthesis of life support nanotechnologies into a replicable autonomous engineering system of an individual residential building. Nanotechnologies in construction. 2022; 14(1): 33-42. Available from: https://doi.org/10.15828/2075-8545-2022-14-1-33-42.
  • Nichole L Hanus, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Parth T Vaishnav, Naim R Darghouth, Inês L Azevedo. Solar PV as a mitigation strategy for the US education sector. Environmental Research Letters, 2019; 14(4): 044004. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aafbcf.
  • US EIA Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey – Washington, DC: US Energy Information Administration, 2012 - Available from: https://eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/.
  • Law of the Primorsky Territory of 05.12.2018 N 409-KZ “On subventions to ensure state guarantees for the implementation of the rights to receive public and free preschool, primary general, basic general, secondary general, additional education for children in municipal educational organizations of Primorsky Krai (as amended) December 24, 2021) [Electronic resource]. Available from: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/550274837 [Accessed 6th March 2022].
  • Decree of the Government of St. Petersburg dated July 29, 2014 No. 668 “On measures to implement the Agreement on the creation and operation on the basis of public-private partnership of buildings intended to accommodate educational institutions on the territory of quarters II, III, IV and VI residential «Slavyanka» district of the Pushkinsky district of St. Petersburg [Electronic resource]. Available from: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/822403752#7DA0K6 [Accessed 6th March 2022].
  • Decree of the Government of the Novosibirsk Region dated June 26, 2018 N 272-p “On the establishment of a wage system for employees, the conditions for remuneration of managers, their deputies, chief accountants and the size of the maximum level of the ratio of the average monthly salary of managers, their deputies, chief accountants and the average monthly wage salaries of employees of state institutions of the Novosibirsk region (as amended on August 17, 2021) [Electronic resource]. Available from: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/465723122 [Accessed 6th March 2022]
  • The concept of “educational service” will be canceled at the legislative level [Electronic resource]. Availabe from: https://mel.fm/zhizn/povestka/4982503-ponyatiye-obrazovatelaya-usluga-otmenyat-na-zakonodatelnomurovne-a-chto-s-nim-voobshche-bylo-ne-tak [Accessed 6th March 2022].
  • Air support structures [Electronic resource]. Availabe from: https://duol.eu/ru/innovacionnye-konstruktivnyeresenija/vozdukhoopronyye-sooruzheniya?yclid=16775673142742876159 [Accessed 6th March 2022].
  • Taimazov V. A., Kuramshin Yu. F., Maryanovich A. T., Petr Frantsevich Lesgaft. History of life and activity. St. Petersburg: Printing yard. Gorky; 2006.
  • Korableva T. F. Philosophical and ethical aspects of the theory of the collective A.S. Makarenko: dis. … cand. philosophy Sciences: 09.00.05. Moscow; 2000.
  • Construction of a new building of the municipal state educational institution «Secondary School No. 9» with sports and dining halls in the city of Blagodarny on the street. Lenina, 251. Available from: https://www.minstroyrf.ru/upload/repeat_projects/189-shkola-v-g-blagodarnyy.zip [Accessed 6th March 2022].
  • Samara scientists have learned how to turn hot wind into cold water Available from: https://63.ru/text/science/2018/10/31/65569101/ [Accessed 6th March 2022].
  • Biryuk V.V., Sheludko L.P., Gorshkalev A.A., Shimanov A.A., Belousov A.V., Gallyamov R.E. Device for obtaining water from atmospheric air and generating electricity. Patent RF 2620830 dated 2016-09-03.
  • Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 08.01.2009 No. 1-r “The main directions of state policy in the field of increasing the energy efficiency of the electric power industry based on the use of renewable energy sources for the period up to 2020” [Electronic resource]. Available from: http://government.ru/docs/20503/ [Accessed 6th March 2022].
  • Dolakov T.B., Oleinikov S.N. Model of an automated microsystem for accounting for energy resources and fire and explosion protection of the residential sector. Electronics and Electrical Engineering. 2018; 2: 48-72. Available from https://doi.org/10.7256/2453-8884.2018.2.26131.
  • Indicators of education: 2020 - statistical collection / N.V. Bondarenko, D.R. Borodina, L.M. Gokhberg and others. – Moscow: NRU HSE, 2020.
  • Belozerov V.V. «Intellectual» system of ventilation and air conditioning in apartments of multi-storey buildings and in individual residential buildings with nanotechnologies for protection against fires and explosions. Nanotechnologies in construction. 2019; 11(6): 650–666. Available from: https://doi.org/10.15828/2075-8545-2019-11-6-650-666.
  • Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of January 17, 2020 No. 20-r “On the Strategy for the Development of the Electronic Industry of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030. Available from: http://static.government.ru/media/files/1QkfNDghANiBUNBbXaFBM69Jxd48ePeY.pdf (date of access 25.12 .2021).
  • GOST 12.1.004-91 Fire safety. General requirements. Moscow: Ed. Standards, 1992.
Еще
Статья научная