Assessment of impact of culture conditions on capability of wastewater's microorganisms to flocculation

Автор: Ilinskiy V.V., Makarevich E.V., Kramarenko E.V., Indushko V.V.

Журнал: Вестник Мурманского государственного технического университета @vestnik-mstu

Рубрика: Биоэкология

Статья в выпуске: 2 т.20, 2017 года.

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Wastewater is one of the significant sources of pollution of the aquatic ecosystems of the Kola North. Sewage coming to the ground waters, surface waters and near shore marine basin have a complex negative impact on the biocenosis of water objects. Considering the fact that basin self-purification process in climatic environment of the Far North is slow, it seems to be current problem to research influence of external factors on the native microorganisms involved in the biological transformation of most pollutants. Along with oxygenizing activity microorganisms are able to accumulate pollutant in the cells and to form floccules. As a result, microorganisms fix the dissolved contaminants that may be mechanically derived from water. Using the data on the chemical makeup of some urban and domestic sewage, nutrient media have been developed where microorganisms isolated from effluents have been cultivated. As major characteristics of the cultivation media affecting the intensity and direction of metabolic processes in microorganisms, the ratios C / N, C / P and N / P have been chosen. Intensity growth of bacteria in experimental nutrient media has been studied and the flocculating activity of bacterial suspensions has been determined. The rate of these microorganisms ( Pseudomonas spp. and cultures of bacteria of Enterobacteriaceae family) average has been 70∙103 and 117∙103 cells/h respectively. The growth rate of each culture on different composition nutrient media has varied within three orders, and has correlated with the relative content of phosphates in the nutrient media. The flocculating potential does not depend on the ratio of biogenic elements C / N, C / P and N / P. Both cultures have shown the ability to precipitate suspended matter at the level of 50 % or more after cultivation on nutrient media similar in composition to habitat conditions.

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Wastewater, hydrochemistry, biogenic elements, activated sludge, breeding grounds, bioflocculating activity

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/14294994

IDR: 14294994   |   DOI: 10.21443/1560-9278-2017-20-2-301-307

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