Research and methodology approaches to the classification of economic units by public health harm risk for scheduling control and supervisory events

Автор: Popova A.Yu., Zaitseva N.V., May I.V., Kiryanov D.A., Sboev A.S.

Журнал: Анализ риска здоровью @journal-fcrisk

Рубрика: Актуальные аспекты анализа риска здоровью

Статья в выпуске: 4 (8), 2014 года.

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The approaches to the classification of economic entities are proposed by the health risk in the implementation of activities, which are subject to mandatory requirements in terms of sanitary and epidemiological well-being and safety of goods and services. Risk formed by the subject under supervision is determined by the probability of sanitary legislation violation, severity of these violations’ consequences for the health of citizens and the population (employees, consumers) under the influence. Risk is assessed on the basis of publicly available information. The method of risk calculating is the same for all types of economic entities, transparent and reproducible. It is proposed to allocate four classes of hazard by the potential risk of physical injury (extremely hazardous, highly hazardous, moderately (medium) hazardous and low hazardous). Hazard class determines the frequency and volume of planned oversight activities. Reconnaissance calculation of the potential harm risk for 6400 subjects of sanitary and epidemiological surveillance on the example of the Perm Krai has shown that almost 70 % of economic entities are not sources of high or medium public health risk. These are the objects where surveillance may be weakened due to the transfer of effort and means of supervisory measures to objects of high and very high risk. The criteria allowing to increase or decrease the frequency of scheduled inspections are considered. The proposed approach focuses on stimulating economic agents to conduct business under the current legislation.

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Harm risk, classification of subjects under supervision, sanitary and epidemiological surveillance

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/14237886

IDR: 14237886

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