Populations of small mammals and their epizootic significance in riparian and adjacent habitats in the south Central Chernozem region
Автор: Trankvilevskiy D.V., Kvasov D.A., Kozorezov A.V., Kutuzov A.V.
Рубрика: Вопросы прикладной зоологии
Статья в выпуске: 4 (100), 2016 года.
Small mammal population structure is analyzed from 1959 to 2014 in the south of the Central Chernozem region. Zoologists of sanitaryepidemiological service conducted work within the epidemiological monitoring. Small mammals were caught by mousetrap «Gero» and traps. It was found that in the south of the Central Chernozem aquatic habitats inhabited by mammals for more than 25 species, mostly rodents (Rodentia). Registered insectivores (Eulipotyphla) and prey (Carnivora). Water vole (Arvicola amphibius) prevailed until the 70s of the last century as a result of trapping traps. The proportion of this species was more on the Oka-Don lowland plain than on the Middle-Russian upland. Field mouse (Apodemus agrarius) and forest mouse (Ap. (S.) uralensis), grey voles (Microtus) and bank voles (Myodes (C.) glareolus) accounted for 75% of the individuals during the trapping traps «Gero». On Middle-Russian upland the main population animals were forest mice, on the Oka-Don plain - field mouse. Compared with the second half of the last century changed the modern population structure of small mammals: in the last two decades on the Oka-Don lowland plain dominated field mice and grey voles and on Middle-Russian upland forest and field mice, bank voles. Small mammals of riparian habitats are also present in open, meadow-field and forest-bush habitats, stacks and ricks, in urban and rural buildings. The pathogens of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, tularemia and leptospirosis are circulating among small mammals. In riparian habitats distributed combined natural foci of these infections. Against the background of changes in the structure of small mammals population participation of individual species of rodents in the epizootic process has changed too.
Epizootological monitoring, zoonoses, natural focal infections, wetland habitats, meadowfield habitats, forest-bushes habitats, european water vole, striped field mouse, ural forest mouse, grey voles, bank vole, hfrs, tularemia, leptospirosis
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