Classification of energy impacts by their effect on the structure and properties of reinforced reactoplasts

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The use of various physical influences is an economical and highly effective direction for regulating and improving the characteristics of the modified reinforced polymer composite materials developed in this work. The methods of energy effects studied in this work were used at the stage of impregnation of technical threads of various chemical nature with an oligomeric binder and a hardener (when preparing prepregs by the traditional method) or with a binder solution and a curing system (when preparing prepregs by the method of layered application of components) Based on the conducted research, a classification of the applied methods of physical modification according to the principle of the influence of energy fields is proposed. The studied methods of energy effects are divided into orienting and energetically energizing effects. The first group includes treatments with constant magnetic (PMP) or electric fields (PEP), and constant mechanical loads. The second group includes energy effects that have a wave nature (energetically energizing), and vibration, ultrasonic effects, and ultraviolet radiation are attributed to them. Modification methods of the first group contribute to a decrease in the mobility of binder molecules during curing, while the formation of branches of polymer chains occurs during the curing process, which leads to a predominant increase in the destructive stress during static bending. Energetically energizing effects contribute to the relative acceleration of the process of linear growth of polymer chains during curing, which is accompanied by the formation of a more sparsely cross-linked mesh structure, which leads to a predominant increase in impact strength. Of the two competing processes in the curing of epoxy oligomers, this one requires a higher activation energy, which is confirmed by the results of studies. Analyzing the results obtained, it can be concluded that the modification methods used in the work allow not only to obtain polymer composite materials with high strength characteristics, but also to directly adjust the properties of composites depending on the requirements for the products. Orienting modification methods lead to hardening of the resulting polymer composite material with a predominant increase in the destructive stress during static bending from 20 to 47%. When using energetically energizing influences in the technology of producing reinforced reactoplasts, the impact strength increases mainly from 19 to 40%.


Energy effects, physical modification, permanent magnetic field, ultrasonic exposure, ultraviolet radiation, oligomeric molecules, reinforced polymer composite materials, epoxy binder

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IDR: 140261143   |   DOI: 10.20914/2310-1202-2021-2-197-201

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