Статьи журнала - Juvenis scientia

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"Как сообщает Гален...": галенизм в опыте автономизации телесной жизни

"Как сообщает Гален...": галенизм в опыте автономизации телесной жизни

Куксо К.А.

Статья научная

В статье проводится анализ культурно-антропологических влияний рецепции галеновского наследия в средневековой Европе. Исследуются связанные с ней воздействия физической медицины, развиваемой в классический период средневековой истории и ярко представленной Салернской врачебной школой, на различные области повседневности. Демонстрируется, каким образом культивируемые здесь приемы медицинского мышления и терапевтические практики вызвали актуализацию интереса к телесной жизни.

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"Чайный трактат" Лу Юя как доказательство существования чайной философии

"Чайный трактат" Лу Юя как доказательство существования чайной философии

Кукова Д.А., Сенюткина О.Н.

Статья научная

В статье рассматривается значение чайной культуры в истории Китая. Объектом исследования статьи является “Трактат о чае”, написанный в VIII веке китайским мыслителем Лу Юем. Данная работа - первый в Китае, и во всем мире, труд, посвященный чаю. «Трактат о чае» или «Чайный канон» сыграл немаловажную роль при династии Тан, а также всех последующих династиях, как источник, помогающий понять структуру чая, а также уметь его использовать. Через призму данного трактата в статье выясняется ответ на вопрос, почему же чайная культура стала неотъемлемой частью китайской культуры, а также китайским достоянием и отличительной особенностью.

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Accounting and tax risks of economic contracts

Accounting and tax risks of economic contracts

Akhmadieva Y.A., Aflyatunova G.R.

Статья научная

The article deals with theoretical aspects of accounting and tax risks of economic contracts, namely the risks associated with the party to the contract and the risks associated with the terms of the contract and their reflection in accounting statements. The authors examine the sources of risks regulation, mechanisms for managing these types of risks as well as give the examples of risks relating to each group. The application of a unified approach by developing algorithms for eliminating risks for each group of contracts is considered reasonable. Summarizing the article, the authors state that to assess the practical importance of algorithms for eliminating and minimizing the risks of economic contracts it is necessary to analyze the possibilities of applying these algorithms in practice. Based on the results of the analysis, recommendations on the application of these algorithms should be made for the companies.

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Analysis of approaches to the classification of tourism destinations

Analysis of approaches to the classification of tourism destinations

Umanskaya M.G.

Статья научная

The term “tourism destination” has been long ago adopted in tourism economics and analyzed in many theoretical and practical aspects. The article examines approaches to the classification of tourism destination through defining its major properties, constituting an amalgam of concepts such as: (1) a geographical location, (2) a bundle of tourism goods and services, (3) special tourism business environment and infrastructure, (4) an image perceived and adopted by consumers. The framework of four approaches provides extended understanding of the tourism destination versatility revealing in merging of tourism geography, marketing, management and motivation theory, thus both supply and demand sides of the tourism industry are covered. The study presents seven classifications, which are analyzed in terms of completeness, potential issues of typification and practical application. Extensions and examples for existing classifications are proposed.

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Application of genetic algorithm of optimization during the process of urban passenger traffic management

Application of genetic algorithm of optimization during the process of urban passenger traffic management

Lekveishvili G.A., Gogiashvili P.G., Chogovadze J.T., Kbilashvili D.G.

Статья научная

The paper proposes a generalized logistic model of the urban passenger transportation system, and on its basis, there has been developed a modified model that allows for determining a set of organizational and economic indicators in each state of a system. To solve the optimization problem of the transportation process system under conditions of dynamically changing passenger traffic flows, there has been justified searching for a balance between the effectiveness and quality of solutions due to the «survival of the strongest alternative solutions» y to earn system of operational control buses on the route. There has been proven the advantage of using genetic algorithm to optimize the processes of organizing and managing the system of urban passenger transport with the aim of maximizing the profits of an enterprise at minimal cost.

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Colored grapes byproducts as the source for bio-active products

Colored grapes byproducts as the source for bio-active products

Gvinianidze T.N., Gvinianidze T.T., Chikovani P.M., Mindeli V.A., Djabnidze R.H.

Статья научная

The paper discusses grape peel as the source of biologically active materials and its canning methods. The research results confirmed that grape peel granules are characterized with great bacteriological stability and that the amount of phenolic complexes in it remains practically unchanged compared to the initial capacity. The technology of grape peel canning presented below is economically feasible and easy to realize. Granulated grape peel contains richest resources of biologically active substances for the food and pharmaceutical industry.

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Creating professionally oriented tasks of communicative nature: from teaching experience

Creating professionally oriented tasks of communicative nature: from teaching experience

Pasechkina T.N.

Статья научная

The article draws attention to some aspects of creating professionally oriented tasks in the context of the formation of future specialists’ communicative self-efficacy. The recommendations presented are based on the analysis of theoretical and methodological literature, as well as taking into account the author’s own experience. The article is addressed to teachers interested in using professionally oriented tasks in the practice of working with students.

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Cоциально - экономическая адаптация и ее связь с уровнем благосостояния сельского населения

Cоциально - экономическая адаптация и ее связь с уровнем благосостояния сельского населения

Бушуева О.Н.

Статья научная

На основании социологических исследований, проведенных в сельских районах Алтайского края, Пензенской и Саратовской областях, был проведен анализ основных особенностей, тенденций и стратегий социально-экономической адаптации сельского населения. В ходе анализа была установлена взаимосвязь выбранных стратегий с социально-экономическими и социокультурными факторами. Определено, что социальная адаптация обеспечивает стабильность в изменяющимся современном обществе.

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Development of a model of the adaptive control of passenger flows in the city's road network

Development of a model of the adaptive control of passenger flows in the city's road network

Kbilashvili D.G., Lekveishvili G.A., Gogiashvili P.G., Chogovadze J.T., Dograshvili V.V.

Статья научная

The paper describes the conditions of the effective operation of urban passenger transport. Also, there have been explored the parameters of passenger flows on the bus routes, and the local areas with high intensity and density have been identified. The paper also presents the pattern of daily and hourly distribution of passenger flows on these areas, according to which a model of the adaptive control of transport has been developed, as well as the parameters of the effective functioning of this model have been assessed.

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Development of an algorithm for making management decisions based on situational analysis

Development of an algorithm for making management decisions based on situational analysis

Popova D.A.

Статья научная

This paper proposes an algorithm for making management decisions using a situational analysis in the aviation industry. The effectiveness of management decisions directly depends on the industry in which the organization operates, and the information on the basis of which this decision is made. The basis for developing solutions is analysis. Depending on the direction of the decision, the analysis is divided into managerial, diagnostic, financial, operational, situational. Each industry has its own limiting aspects that affect the implementation process and the outcome of the decision. In the course of diagnostics, as a rule, the main legislative restrictions or the advantages that companies need to take into account in order to maximize profits are revealed. To effectively diagnose the state of an enterprise, it is advisable to single out a number of analysis methods. In the process of developing the algorithm, the main methods of analysis and specific features of the industry were considered.

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Ecological awareness: theory, phenomenon and interpretation

Ecological awareness: theory, phenomenon and interpretation

Korotenko V.A.

Статья научная

The article provides a brief analysis of the phenomenology of environmental awareness, taking into account current research in an interdisciplinary field. Systematic approach to describe the phenomenon of environmental consciousness began to emerge in the second half of the twentieth century. Paradigmatic basis for his description was entrenched by this time the understanding that progressive environmental crisis exists, it causes in the dominant tehnotsentricheskom the process of human activity, and it can not be overcome without changing the dominant type of worldview universals and specific consciousness, are "psychological base" of ecological crisis. System of psychological and philosophical description of the ecological crisis was in the works White, Jonas, Atfild, Peccei, Schweitzer, Meadows, Heslov, and others. The key problem in this field of science was the study of the processes of development of ecological consciousness, which is considered, functional and sotsiogeneticheskom, ontogenetic and pedagogical aspects.

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Effective vocabulary teaching and learning strategies in English for specific purposes

Effective vocabulary teaching and learning strategies in English for specific purposes

Khamitova A.G., Mukhtarkhanova A.M., Zarkesheva A.E.

Статья научная

Communicating in a foreign language is impossible without mastering vocabulary. It is of special importance in English for Specific Purposes (further ESP) courses as requirements of modern realities in Kazakhstan force experts to know enough ESP vocabulary to be able to demonstrate their knowledge in their professional sphere. Since vocabulary plays such an important role in ESP courses it is essential to determine what strategies ensure effective teaching and learning it in specific groups of learners. This paper presents results of a study held on vocabulary teaching and learning strategies employed by ESP teachers and learners at L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian national university (further ENU) in Astana, Kazakhstan. An open-ended questionnaire and a semi-structured interview were conducted among 20 ESP teachers and 48 ESP students of L.N. Gumilyev ENU. The questions elicit not only teachers’ vocabulary teaching experiences and opinions about the most effective vocabulary teaching approaches but also the reasons for students’ vocabulary learning and using problems. During the interview students described their preferred vocabulary learning styles and confirmed the importance of learning vocabulary in ESP. The study determined the most effective ESP vocabulary teaching and learning strategies for teachers to use at L.N. Gumilyev Eurasian National University.

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Family enterprises and entrepreneurial obligations of spouses-individual entrepreneurs in Russia

Family enterprises and entrepreneurial obligations of spouses-individual entrepreneurs in Russia

Shapsugova M.D.

Статья научная

A family business is the basis of the middle class being formed in Russia. The imperfection of the legal regulation of this legal phenomenon makes the research on this subject relevant. The legal regulation of property and obligations of spouses- individual entrepreneurs is of particular scientific interest. The legal positions formed by the courts, in the opinion of the author, generate legal uncertainty in law enforcement practice.

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Financing activities of modern universities - approaches, challenges, problems

Financing activities of modern universities - approaches, challenges, problems

Bojinov B.V.

Статья научная

The article examined the main approaches to the funding of universities and possible mechanisms for their subsequent efficient financial management. The main sources of funding for modern universities, are usually a mix of state funding other targeted grants, tuition fees and revenues from economic activity. The declining targeted budgetary resources for the financing of universities, and linking it to performance (quality, rating realization), forcing universities to seek alternative sources of financing, incl. and through the expansion of the international education market. The growing need for effective management of university assets and financial resources available has led many universities to seek expert management, both from the financial manager and through various elements of proven practices for effective corporate governance.

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Hyperledger-инструментарий разработки отраслевых блокчейнов

Hyperledger-инструментарий разработки отраслевых блокчейнов

Ганкин Н.М., Михейлис Д.А.

Статья научная

Отдавая должное тому, что сделано предшественниками, авторы тем не менее считают, что многие до сих пор не понимают и не могут по достоинству оценить весь потенциал блокчейн технологии. Возможность эффективного и безопасного использования информации сильно ограничена устаревшими технологиями баз данных, используемых повсеместно в настоящее время, поэтому актуальной является задача внедрения новых систем организации и хранения данных. Такой системой как раз является блокчейн, ведь он объединяет в себе как быстроту, так и надежность, что является главными критериями, при работе с важными данными. Данная статья посвящена такому актуальному вопросу, как использование технологии блокчейн для организации информационных платформ для компаний и бизнес-систем. Рассмотрены основные возможности технологии блокчейн на примере проекта Hyperledger. Данное исследование показало неоспоримое преимущество децентрализованной базы данных, над всеми другими системами хранения и использования данных, представленных в данный момент. Обобщая сказанное, можно сделать вывод, что за технологией блокчейна будущее, и всем компаниям, работающим с какими-либо данными, безусловно стоит задуматься о внедрении данной технологии в свою систему.

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IPSEC and SSL as solutions for the enterprise network security

IPSEC and SSL as solutions for the enterprise network security

Sichkar V.N.

Статья научная

When a company starts to build enterprise network, the information technology department always faces the question about which protocol to choose for building a Virtual Private Network (VPN). The answer is not obvious because each protocol has its own pros and cons. Priority of the selection of the protocol to build the VPN depends on specific criteria. These criteria can be the required type of access for users, the level of the network security, the level of data security, necessity of scalability for the network in future, etc. At the moment the most reliable protocols are considered to be Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) and Secure Socket Layer (SSL). This paper discusses and analysis the demand of using these protocols separately or simultaneously.

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Influence of ecological factors to articular syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis

Influence of ecological factors to articular syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis

Tashpulatova M.M., Akhmedov Kh. S.

Статья научная

This article presents results of a comparative analysis of the peculiarities of articular syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) according to the four areas of Uzbekistan. The study included 460 patients with a documented diagnosis of RA: I Zone is the northern region - Tashkent - 144 patients; II Zone is the western region - Khorezm region - 112 patients; III Zone is the eastern region - Namangan region - 104 patients and IV Zone is southern region - Surkhandarya region - 100 patients. The comparative analysis has shown that articular syndrome in RA in four different zones have certain differences. So, in II and IV areas known fact of predominance of fast progressive start, as well as more aggressive joint syndrome. The results of disperse analysis indicated degree of contamination of air and soil by xenobiotics. It depended on the clinical, radiographic and sonographic signs of articular syndrome in RA. It means that changes in the micro elementary composition of soil and air which depends on zone of residence of patients with RA in Uzbekistan contributes rate of progression of joint syndrome.

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Justification of risk management in virtual securities transactions

Justification of risk management in virtual securities transactions

Sokolovsky M.V., Tselikhina I.V.

Статья научная

The article explores the specific risks that accompany online securities transactions. Private investors are focused on speculative operations, long-term investments are unpopular. This increases the risk and forms the need for risk management. The article attempts to analyze the risk management system of virtual work of Internet brokers on the stock exchange. The emphasis has been shifted specifically to private investment, since this block is one of the most promising for the development of the securities market at the present stage. The purpose of risk management in the system of Internet trading in securities is positioned in the article, primarily as a reduction of financial losses, and then ensuring the financial stability and reliability of the system for the client.

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Legal capacity of artificial intelligence

Legal capacity of artificial intelligence

Shapsugova M. D.

Статья научная

Digitalization of the economy makes research in the field of artificial intelligence relevant. The introduction of robots in all spheres of human life gives rise to problems of responsibility for the actions of artificial intelligence, for example, in the event of an accident involving an unmanned taxi. No less relevant is the problem of intellectual property in the results of intellectual activity. Who should be considered the author of a work created by artificial intelligence: the robot itself, man? These practical problems entail the need for a scientific and theoretical understanding of the personality of the robot. The article explores the basic approaches to understanding artificial intelligence, its types. It is determined as the degree of autonomy of artificial intelligence can determine its legal personality.

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Linguistic and pragmatic aspects of scientific and technical translation

Linguistic and pragmatic aspects of scientific and technical translation

Oorzhak A.V., Krapivkina O.A.

Статья научная

The paper touches upon the issue of scientific and technical translation, its linguistic and pragmatic aspects. The topicality of the work is determined by more and more increasing importance of scientific and technical translation in the context of contemporary science and industry development. The object of the research is the translation of scientific and technical articles. The novelty of the research lies in the fact that not all the issues of scientific and technical translation have been sufficiently investigated. The aim of the work is to identify the peculiarities of scientific and technical translation based on the Energy&Power journal paper translation analysis. The authors conclude that the quality of scientific and technical translation is due to not only knowledge of source and target languages but knowledge of special terms, stylistic features of target texts and deep understanding of the subject of translation.

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