Exogenous factors of megascience centers development in contemporary Russia
Автор: Inshakova Elena Ivanovna, Morozov Maksim Vladimirovich
Рубрика: Мировая экономика
Статья в выпуске: 2 (35), 2016 года.
At the modern stage of global economic system (GES) development creating new organizational forms of mutual use of the benefits of the V and VI technological modes by participants of the megaeconomic interactions has been intensified, and their desire to enlarge the share in global markets on this basis. Megascience centers (MSC) have become organizational forms of such a kind in the field of scientific and innovative activity. MSC are large-scale objects of scientific and research profile at megaeconomy level, which have a particularly strong material and technical groundwork and are based on international collaboration of public and private capital of its member countries. The purpose of the MSC creation is obtaining breakthrough scientific results that change the structure of GES on the basis of progressive general purpose technology (GPT), including nanotechnology. Stable cooperation of participants is of critical importance for the efficient operation and prospects of MSC development, but instability of present political and economic conjuncture, and strengthening unfair global competition become a catalyst for emergence and escalation of contradictions in MSC’s functioning mechanism, and increasing the risk of scientific megaprojects successful implementation. The article identifies main exogenous political, economic, investment and fiscal factors that form unfavorable environment of MSC contemporary development in Russia.
Megascience center, megaproject, international collaboration, general purpose technology, nanotechnology, unfair global competition, sanctions, partner opportunism, r & d public and private funding
Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/14971379
IDR: 14971379 | DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu3.2016.2.12