Irrigation channel lining using shotcrete with additives

Автор: Moldamuratov Zh.N., Iglikov A.A., Sennikov M.N., Madaliyeva E.B., Turalina M.T.

Журнал: Nanotechnologies in Construction: A Scientific Internet-Journal @nanobuild-en

Рубрика: Manufacturing technology for building materials and products

Статья в выпуске: 3 Vol.14, 2022 года.

Бесплатный доступ

Introduction. Shotcrete lining is the most economical and quite fully mechanized in production among all the known varieties of concrete linings. The construction practice of hydraulic structures has accumulated numerous examples of the use of a wide variety of building materials in lining – from stone to modern films made of synthetic resins. Despite the very active efforts to find more suitable materials, concrete lining will remain the main one for a long time. Accordingly, concrete lining requires further improvements, increasing durability and reducing cost. Methods and materials. The studies were carried out by the comparison method of laboratory tests of shotcrete with nanostructured surfactants additives. In the form of nanostructured additives, SCL (sulfite-cellulose liquor), NAR (neutralized air-retaining resin), cotton soap and bitumen were used in various consistency. The tests were conducted on strength properties, shrinkage, tension deformation, adhesion strength and water permeability. Structural changes in the properties were studied by electron-microscopic analysis. Results and discussion. It is established that the optimal proportion of SCL additive to the shotcrete gauged water, under the spraying condition, is 0.5% by the cement weight. NAR additive is not observed. When cotton soap additive with gauged water are added into the shotcrete, the water content in the placed shotcrete increases as the amount of the additive added increases, the optimal cement content in the shotcrete is observed when 0.3% cotton soap additive by the cement weight is added. The “rebound” decreases when the additive proportion grows. The 0.3% SCL additive by cement weight added in 1:4 dry mixture shotcrete increases its compression strength by 16%, bending strength by 1% and tension strength by 20%. Conclusion. All nanostructured surfactant additives increase the shotcrete shrinkage. The shotcrete with SCL additive shows the smallest increase in the shrinkage, and the largest – with bitumen emulsion. The additives used in shotcrete significantly increase its tension deformability, and in a wide range reduce the values of the shotcrete instantaneous elasticity modulus, i.e. enhance its plastic properties. The surfactants and bitumen emulsion reduce the adhesion strength between shotcrete and reinforcement, however, it remains at a higher level than that of conventional concretes.


Nanostructured additives, shotcrete, surfactants, bitumen, neutralized air-retaining resin, sulfite-cellulose liquor

Короткий адрес:

IDR: 142232054   |   DOI: 10.15828/2075-8545-2022-14-3-227-240

Список литературы Irrigation channel lining using shotcrete with additives

  • Jakiyayev B.D., Moldamuratov Z.N., Bayaliyeva G.M., Ussenbayev B.U., Yeskermessov Z.E. Study of local erosion and development of effective structures of transverse bank protection structures. Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences (PEN). 2021. 9(3): 457. Available from:
  • Sennikov M.N., Omarova G.E., Moldamuratov Z.N. Study of the development of soil in the formation of channels hydraulic and static stability of cross-sectional shapes. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2014. 30(1): 99–104. Available from:
  • Hammer A.L., Thewes M., Galler R. Empirical forecasting model to determine the strength development of shotcrete. Geomechanik Und Tunnelbau. 2019. 12(6): 730–738. Available from:
  • Çakıroğlu M.A., Kaplan A.N., Süzen A.A. Experimental and DBN-Based neural network extraction of radiation attenuation coefficient of dry mixture shotcrete produced using different additives. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 2021. 188. Available from:
  • Kloft H., Krauss H.W., Hack N., Herrmann E., Neudecker S., Varady P.A., Lowke D. Influence of process parameters on the interlayer bond strength of concrete elements additive manufactured by Shotcrete 3D Printing (SC3DP). Cement and Concrete Research. 2020. 134. Available from:
  • Armengaud J., Casaux-Ginestet G., Cyr., Husson B., Jolin M. Characterization of fresh dry-mix shotcrete and correlation to rebound. Construction and Building Materials. 2017. 135: 225–232. Available from:
  • Bekbasarov I., Nikitenko M., Shanshabayev N., Atenov Y., Moldamuratov Z. Tapered-prismatic pile: driving energy consumption and bearing capacity. News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Series of Geology and Technical Sciences. 2021. 6(450): 53–63. Available from:
  • Wang J., Niu D., Wang Y., Wang B. Durability performance of brine-exposed shotcrete in salt lake environment. Construction and Building Materials. 2018. 188: 520–536. Available from:
  • Shen Y., Wang Y., Yang Y., Sun Q., Luo T., Zhang H. Influence of surface roughness and hydrophilicity on bonding strength of concrete-rock interface. Construction and Building Materials. 2019. 213: 156–166. Available from:
  • Watanabe T., Hosomi M., Yuno K. Hashimoto C. Quality evaluation of shotcrete by acoustic emission. Construction and Building Materials. 2010. 24(12): 2358–2362. Available from:
  • Wang J., Niu D., He H. Frost durability and stress–strain relationship of lining shotcrete in cold environment. Construction and Building Materials. 2019. 198: 58–69. Available from:
  • Chen L., Ma G. Liu G., Liu Z. Effect of pumping and spraying processes on the rheological properties and air content of wet-mix shotcrete with various admixtures. Construction and Building Materials. 2019. 225: 311–323. Available from:
  • Armengaud J., Cyr M., Casaux-Ginestet G. Husson B. Durability of dry-mix shotcrete using supplementary cementitious materials. Construction and Building Materials. 2018. 190: 1–12. Available from:
  • Cui S., Liu P., Cui E., Su J., Huang B. Experimental study on mechanical property and pore structure of concrete for shotcrete use in a hot-dry environment of high geothermal tunnels. Construction and Building Materials. 2018. 173: 124–135. Available from:
  • Khooshechin M., Tanzadeh J. Experimental and mechanical performance of shotcrete made with nanomaterials and fiber reinforcement. Construction and Building Materials. 2018. 165: 199–205. Available from:
  • Trujillo P.B., Jolin M., Massicotte B., Bissonnette B. Bond strength of reinforcing bars encased with shotcrete. Construction and Building Materials. 2018. 169: 678–688. Available from:
  • Liu P., Cui S., Li Z., Xu X., Guo C. Influence of surrounding rock temperature on mechanical property and pore structure of concrete for shotcrete use in a hot-dry environment of high-temperature geothermal tunnel. Construction and Building Materials. 2019. 207: 329–337. Available from:
  • Kaufmann J., Loser R., Winnefeld F., Leemann A. Sulfate resistance testing of shotcrete – Sample preparation in the field and under laboratory conditions. Construction and Building Materials. 2021. 276. Available from:
  • Pan G., Li P., Chen L., Liu G. A study of the effect of rheological properties of fresh concrete on shotcreterebound based on different additive components. Construction and Building Materials. 2019. 224: 1069–1080. Available from:
  • Duarte G., Bravo M., de Brito J., Nobre J. Mechanical performance of shotcrete produced with recycled coarse aggregates from concrete. Construction and Building Materials. 2019. 210: 696–708. Available from:
  • Liu G., Zhao J., Zhang Z., Wang C., & Xu Q. Mechanical properties and microstructure of shotcrete under high temperature. Applied Sciences (Switzerland). MDPI. 2021. Available from:
  • Zhu C., Zhou N., Guo Y., Li M., & Cheng Q. Effect of doped glass fibers on tensile and shear strengths and microstructure of the modified shotcrete material: An experimental study and a simplified 2D model. Minerals. 2021. 11(10). Available from:
  • Liu M., Liu D., Qiao P., & Sun L. Characterization of microstructural damage evolution of freeze-thawed shotcrete by an integrative micro-CT and nanoindentation statistical approach. Cement and Concrete Composites. 2021. 117. Available from:
  • Wang Y., Shi C., Ma Y., Xiao Y., & Liu Y. Accelerators for shotcrete – Chemical composition and their effects on hydration, microstructure and properties of cement-based materials. Construction and Building Materials. Elsevier Ltd. 2021.
  • Xu Y., He T., Ma X., & Yang R. The research on mechanism of C–S–H nanocrystal improving early properties of shotcrete at low temperature by thermodynamic modeling. Construction and Building Materials. 2022. 325. Available from:
  • Shang Y., Guo Y., Zhang W., Zhao W., & Tan Y. Influence of new compound admixture on shotcrete performance. Journal Wuhan University of Technology, Materials Science Edition. 2017. 32(6): 1392–1396. Available from:
  • Zaki Saaid I. Application of ultra cellulose fiber for the enhancement of the durability and shrinkage of cement pastes exposed to normal and aggressive curing conditions. Nanotechnologies in Construction. 2015. (7)4: 121–142. Available from:
Статья научная