Innovative technology of seed breeding of original varieties of cucurbits crops

Автор: Sokolov S.D., Khutornaya E.V., Sokolov A.S., Shantasov A.M., Nugmanova Zh.R.

Журнал: Овощи России @vegetables

Рубрика: Селекция и семеноводство сельскохозяйственных растений

Статья в выпуске: 1 (45), 2019 года.

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A significant disadvantage of one-time seed fruit gatherings used in operations of seed farms is the usage of different-age fruits (unripe, overripe and of optimally mature) for extracting seeds, that respectively have seeds with different sowing features. Carrying out several sequential gatherings that have not yet reached the biological maturity of the seed fruits, and their subsequent storage, makes it possible to avoid these problems. Through the example the Lunnyi watermelon variety, the article presents the results of studying a new method of conducting seed production of polycarpous varieties of cucurbits crops, including carrying out of frequent seed fruit gatherings not in biological ripeness, but at the stage of technical maturity and subsequent storage of collected seed fruits seeds for some period until receiving by seeds of the high sowing features. It has been established that for the production of certified seeds of the Lunnyi watermelon variety, it is possible to collect 15-20-day-old fruits and store them for afterripening purpose for 20 days before releasing (extracting) the seeds...


Seed breeding, watermelon (citrullus vulgaris), polycarpous crops, lunnyi variety, technical maturity, biological ripeness, after-ripening, sowing features, economical efficiency

Короткий адрес:

IDR: 140240666   |   DOI: 10.18619/2072-9146-2019-20-24

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