Infrastructure development as a condition for improving the mechanism of innovative activity stimulation (on the example of Southern federal district subjects)

Автор: Lebedeva Nadezhda Nikolaevna, Averina Irina Sergeevna, Zadorozhneva Yuliya Vladimirovna

Журнал: Вестник Волгоградского государственного университета. Экономика @ges-jvolsu

Рубрика: Региональная экономика

Статья в выпуске: 4 (33), 2015 года.

Бесплатный доступ

The article discusses the concept of the mechanism of innovative activity stimulation, which represents a system consisting of actors with their goals; formal regulations (legislation); informal regulations and rules (business culture, adopted by the economic community); incentives and constraints (economic and non-economic in nature). The authors specify the understanding of infrastructure as a condition of the mechanism functioning, compare rating assessments (by the NAIDIT technique) of innovation activity of subjects of the Southern Federal District (SFD) and reveal significant inconsistencies. The comparative analysis of the main existing infrastructure elements of the innovation sphere (Krasnodar, Volgograd and Rostov regions) let make conclusions about their sufficiency or insufficiency in different subjects of the macro-region. The negative trends of innovative infrastructure development include: the lack of a unified information and analytical database and system for the promotion and support of innovative projects; the lack of consolidated data to assess the development level of the regional innovative infrastructure in formal source; the failure and the need for development elements, such as clusters and science-technology parks, support funds and the creation of extensive networks of centers for collective use. Directions of improvement of innovation activity are presented on the basis of comparing its peculiar indicators as well as analyzing and identifying missing infrastructure elements of the innovation system (scientific and investment, information and analytical, organizational and communicative) with the aim of increasing the efficiency of existing mechanisms of innovation stimulation in the regions. Scientific and practical significance of this work consists in the future use of its provisions and conclusions as additional theoretical and methodological substantiation of scientific developments in research of innovative activity stimulation, and also for its improvement in innovation policy of public authorities on defining the strategic priorities for regional development.

Еще

Infrastructure, infrastructure elements, mechanism, stimulation, innovative activity, problems, prospects

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/14971400

IDR: 14971400   |   DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu3.2015.4.6

Список литературы Infrastructure development as a condition for improving the mechanism of innovative activity stimulation (on the example of Southern federal district subjects)

  • Administratsiya Rostovskoy oblasti . Ofitsialnyy portal. Innovatsii . Available at: http://www.donland.ru/Default.aspx?pageid=80488. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Agentstvo po innovatsiyam i razvitiyu . Available at: www.innoros.ru/infrastructure/tekhnoparki. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Borisov A.B., ed. Bolshoy ekonomicheskiy slovar . Moscow, Book world Publishing House, 1999. 863 p.
  • Distantsionnyy konsalting. Fond podderzhki innovatsiy . Available at: http://www.distcons.ru/BOffers/BOfferShow.asp?ID=297531. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Dvizhenie "biznes-angelov" i chastnoe investirovanie innovatsionnogo biznesa . Available at: http://www.businesspress.ru/newspaper/article_mId_3_aId_435764.html (accessed 20 April 2015).
  • Efremova T.S., ed. Sovremennyy tolkovyy slovar . Available at: http://enc-dic.com/efremova/Mehanizm-45553. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Ekonomicheskaya politika (ekspertnyy kanal). Innovatsionnye klastery: mirovye orientiry i rossiyskie realii . Available at: http://ecpol.ru/2012-04-05-13-41-25/2012-04-05-13-41-42/756-innovatsionnyeklastery-mirovye-orientiry-i-rossijskie-realii.html about. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Federalnaya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki . Available at: http://gks.ru about. (accessed April 11, 2015).
  • Federalnyy portal malogo i srednego predprinimatelstva. Finansirovanie innovatsionnogo proekta . Available at: http://pmp.crpp.ru/content/articles/startbusines/finance/m,40,1090about. (accessed April 22, 2015).
  • Federalnyy zakon "Ob innovatsionnoy deyatelnosti i o gosudarstvennoy innovatsionnoy politike", prinyatyy Gosudarstvennoy Dumoy 1 dekabrya 1999 g., odobrennyy Sovetom Federatsii 23 dekabrya 1999 g. i otklonennyy Prezidentom Rossiyskoy Federatsii 3 yanvarya 2000 g. . Available at: http://iam.duma.gov.ru/node/8/4582/15960. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Golberg L.M., ed. Reyting innovatsionnogo razvitiya subyektov Rossiyskoy Federatsii: analiticheskiy doklad . Moscow, Vysshaya shkola ekonomiki Publ., 2012. 104 p.
  • Gosudarstvennaya innovatsionnaya politika . Available at: http://www.rae.ru/monographs/112-3774. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Innovatsionnaya deyatelnost. Kubanskiy gosudarstvennyy tekhnologicheskiy universitet . Available at: http://kubstu.ru/s-56. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Innovatsionnaya infrastruktura . Ministerstvo ekonomiki, vneshneekonomicheskikh svyazey i investitsiy. Ofitsialnyy portal . Available at: http://economics.volganet.ru/folder_9-H/Folder_11/Folder-2/folder_1/. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Innovatsionnaya infrastruktura SGU . Available at: http://www.sutr.ru/science/Innovation%20inf. about. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Innovatsionnyy portal Rostovskoy oblasti . Available at: http://novadon.ru/set_podderzhki.html?page=3. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Molodezhnyy tsentr innovatsiy i tekhnologiy "Inventum" . Kubanskiy gosudarstvennyy agrarnyy universitet. Ofitsialnyy portal . Available at: http://mol-inventum.ru. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Natsionalnaya assotsiatsiya innovatsiy i razvitiya informatsionnykh tekhnologiy . Available at: http://www.nair-it.ru/news/.about (accessed April 23, 2015).
  • Natsionalnyy tsentr po monitoringu innovatsionnoy infrastruktury nauchno-tekhnicheskoy deyatelnosti i regionalnyh innovatsionnykh sistem . Available at: http://www.miiris.ru. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Nauka v Krasnodarskom krae . Ofitsialnyy portal ispolnitelnykh organov gosudarstvennoy vlasti Krasnodarskogo kraya . Available at: http://krasnodar.ru/content/521/show/5596. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Nojbaujer H. Innovatsionnaya deyatelnost na malykh i srednikh predpriyatiyakh . Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya . Available at: http://www.bizeducation.ru/library/management/innov/8/noibauer.htm. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Novikov D.A. Mekhanizmy stimulirovaniya v organizatsionnykh sistemakh . Moscow, IPU RAN Publ., 2003. 349 p.
  • Novosti venchurnogo biznesa. Biznesinkubator OmGTU . Available at: http://www.venture-news.ru/infrastructure/29700-biznes-inkubator-omgtuomskaya-oblast.html (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • OAO Kurganskiy oblastnoy tekhnopark. Natsionalnoe sodruzhestvo biznes-angelov . Available at: http://technopark45.ru/main/investoru/business-an gels (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Osipov Yu.M. Osnovy teorii khozyaystvennogo mekhanizma . Moscow, Izd-vo MGU, 1994. 368 p.
  • Ozhegov S.I. Slovar russkogo yazyka: 70 000 slov . Moscow, Russkiy yazyk Publ., 1990. 352 p.
  • Rossiyskaya korporatsiya nanotekhnologiy (ROSNANO) . Available at: http://www.admoblkaluga.ru/upload/mineconom/innovacii/konkyrci/nanocentr/koncepciya.pdf (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Sankt-Peterburgskiy akademicheskiy universitet -nauchno-obrazovatelnyy tsentr nanotekhnologiy RAN . Available at: http://www.spbau.ru/infrastructure/centers/collective about (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Tekhnicheskaya laboratoriya (nauchnoproizvodstvennyy tsentr) . Available at: http://www.techlab.ru/about. (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Tekhnopark. Kubanskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet . Available at: http://www.kubsu.ru/Science/technopark (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Tsentr konsaltingovykh proektov . Available at: http://www.itmurman.ru (accessed April 20, 2015).
  • Tsentr upravleniya finansami. Innovatsionnaya infrastruktura . Available at: http://www.centeryf.ru/data/stat/Innovacionnaya-infrastruktura.php (accessed April 21, 2015).
Еще
Статья научная