Decorative shrubs in landscape compositions
Автор: Polyakova Natalia Viktorovna, Murzabulatova Fanuza Kavievna
Журнал: Hortus Botanicus @hortbot
Рубрика: Литературное садоводство
Статья в выпуске: 12, 2017 года.
Decorative shrubs in landscaping play a special role. Considering a huge variety of decorative forms of shrubs, now landscape designers have an opportunity for creation of high-decorative compositions which can be used for registration of gardens, parks, squares, forest parks. In Ufa botanical garden a large number of species, sorts and forms of decorative shrubs which are acclimatized in the conditions of our region is for many years cultivated. The short ecologo-morphological characteristic of the most decorative and steady in the conditions of the Bashkir Cis-Urals the beautiful-blossoming and decorative and deciduous shrubs is provided in this article. Examples of decorative shrubs from different groups on height are shown: tall (Syringa L., Viburnum L., Cerasus Juss., Prunus Mill.), middle-tall (Swida Opiz, Forsythia Vahl., Physocarpus Maxim., Berberis L, Hydrangea L., some species of Spiraea L., Elaeagnus L., Symphoricarpos Duham., Salix L.) and nanophanerophyte (Berberis thunbergii DC, Pentaphylloides Duham., Chamaecytisus Link, Hypericum L., Lavandula L.). Data on morphological parameters, the beginning and duration of blossoming, duration of the vegetative period, winter hardiness are provided. The short description of the main decorative signs of all listed species and sorts of shrubs is given. Thus, long-term observations of decorative shrubs of collection of Botanical garden allowed to make selection and to develop recommendations about use of some decorative shrubs from groups tall, the middle-tall shrubs and nanophanerophyte for various needs of landscape gardening of Bashkortostan Republic.
Decorative shrubs, landscape compositions, blossoming duration
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