Malocclusion: modern approaches to diagnostics and treatment

Автор: Galstyan S.G., Timofeev E.V.

Журнал: Juvenis scientia @jscientia

Рубрика: Обзорные статьи

Статья в выпуске: 1 т.7, 2021 года.

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The article presents an overview of modern approaches to the identification and justification of the choice of management tactics for patients with malocclusion and crowding of teeth. The questions of the etiology and pathogenesis of malocclusion that occurred both in early childhood and in older age are highlighted. There is a high prevalence of malocclusion in the population, which creates a number of medical problems (tooth erasability and mobility, changes in the upper-mandibular joint, abnormalities of the biomechanics of the lower jaw), but also a number of aesthetic and psychological problems. The classification of malocclusion anomalies is given. The article describes the currently relevant visualization methods for diagnosing malocclusion, which allow us to assess the severity of changes and adequately select the optimal method of correction, including orthopantomography and telerentgenography. The application of the calculation method is justified, which allows to establish the fact of a lack of space in the dental arch and to identify the need for its increase in case of crowding of teeth. Indications for extraction of teeth for correction of malocclusion have been determined. The factors determining the success of corrective treatment and the stability of the achieved results are listed.

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Dental growth disorders, malocclusion, crowding of teeth, orthodontic treatment

Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/14121391

IDR: 14121391

Статья обзорная