Analysing tertiarization as a structural economic characteristic of establishing post-industrial society areas
Автор: Perepelkina E.V., Perepelkin V.A.
Статья в выпуске: 7 (77), 2017 года.
The article examines conceptually and empirically tertiarisation as structural and economic characteristics of the transformation of modern society into a post-industrial. The authors substantiate the need for consistent full-fledged passage of the national socio-economic system of stages of civilizational development, based on which the author's definition of tertiaryization is given. A comparative cross-country quantitative analysis of the service sector in national economies makes it possible of strengthening the structural shift in favor of this sector in the economies of a group of countries with an average income level. High income level of the population is but one of the conditions for the existence of a developed service sector, as is confirmed by the example of a number of oil exporting countries. Along with poverty, the reason for the slow expansion of the service sector in the underdeveloped countries is their insufficient technological development. Russia lagged behind the global average level in the share of tertiary sector as well as in the rates of its growth. On the one hand, this is an evidence of the growth potential of the whole economy created by tertiarization, while, on the other hand, it speaks for a necessity of ensuring a higher quality of this growth. Problems of service sector’s growth structure are becoming more relevant in the current circumstances. An increase in the quality together with the one in the rates of growth might be attained on the basis of an outpacing expansion of the share of services and progressive dynamics of labor productivity in the process of services creation. At the same time, this requires a large stock of human capital in the country, which substantiates a conclusion about presence of tertiarization in its true sense only in economically developed countries. A negative attitude towards tertiarization in less developed countries may be explained by the dominance of traditional services in the tertiary sector of their economies that have greatly lost a capacity for accelerating the overall economic growth by now. Consequently, countries, in which an extended reproduction of human capital is implemented according to the needs for modernization of the industrial apparatus in the economy, benefit from tertiarization in the first place.
Economic diversification, service sector share in the gross value added, concept of three-sectoral structural dynamics, postindustrial society, sectoral tertiarization, income level of population, services expansion
Короткий адрес: https://readera.org/140208513