Milk consumption analysis and detection of dairy products falsifications

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The consumer's basket directly depends on the incomes, which, according to Rosstat, have been declining in recent years. Federal retail chains set low purchase prices, focusing on economic situation in the country and striving to keep prices low to maintain sales volumes. Manufacturers, in turn, are forced to falsify the product in order to maintain supply volumes. The material examines chemical composition of milk, reveals the nutritional and biological value of this product. The article is devoted to the methods of dairy products falsification and methods of their detection using the device "Lactane 1-4 mini". The dry fat-free milk residue, density and mass share of fat of the samples were determined, organoleptic quality indicators were analyzed. Based on the data obtained, conclusions are drawn about the quality of products, possible reasons for non-compliance of real indicators with the requirements of regulatory documents and labeling data are analyzed. A comparative analysis of the milk of private farms and milk of industrial processing was also carried out. To compare the samples, the method of organoleptic evaluation was used, then the physico-chemical parameters were compared with State Standard requirements. A hall test was conducted with a closed tasting of samples of milk from private farms and milk from industrial processing. During the survey, participants evaluated each of the samples depending on their desire to purchase it. The article considers various factors influencing the consumer's choice of an industrial processing product or "farm" milk. The results of the social survey of modern consumers regarding their preferences in choosing dairy products are reflected.


Milk, milk falsification, detection of falsifications, food technologies, chemical composition

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IDR: 140259875   |   DOI: 10.20914/2310-1202-2021-3-151-159

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